Glossary

 

Complete the definitions of the following words using short sentences like those given below.

 

 

ableism   the belief that full use of all physical or biological functions is superior; using one’s power or privilege as someone with a full range of abilities to impose restrictions on, invalidate, or hold down someone with a different ability or disability.

 

androgyny   refers to people who have abundant feminine AND masculine qualities.

 

catastrophizing   thinking of the worst possible outcome

 

countertransference  

 

double-bind communication

 

eclectic

 

egalitarian

 

ego

 

empathy

 

ethnocentrism

 

family scuppting

 

feminism

 

genorgam

 

id

 

institutionalized oppression    where the power of institutions is used to support oppressive beliefs or used to reinforce the idea that one way of being is superior to another; to impose restrictions on, limit, or subordinate people of differences.

 

internalized oppression   incorporating or taking on the belief that one’s own specific difference is inferior

 

labeling

 

latent content

 

minimization   perceiving an event in a lesser light than it deserves.

 

modeling   refers to the helper or someone else demonstrating new behaviors for a client to observe and imitate.

 

overgeneralization

 

paradoxical tasks

 

paraphrasing

 

polarized thinking   interpreting events in an all-or-nothing fashion or categorizing experiences into either/or extremes.

 

self-actualization

 

self-disclosure

 

sexism

 

stereotypes

 

superego

 

systematic desensitization

 

triage

 

unconscious

 

vicarious learning