Study Questions for Final Exam
  1. What are the advantages and disadvantages of using closed-ended versus open-ended questions in a survey? What are the major types of closed ended questions?

  2. What are some of the advantages of disadvantages of (1) distributing self-administering questionnaires via the mail, (2) distributing self-administering questionnaires via hand-to-hand or group distribution, (3) distributing surveys online, (4) conducting face-to-face interview surveys, and (5) conducting telephone interview surveys.

  3. Why are experiments used so infrequently by sociologists? What problems, if any, does this present for sociology? Why is secondary data analysis used so frequently? Is the widespread use of secondary data analysis a problem. Explain your answers.

  4. Discuss the following as they relate to content analysis and to each other: (1) validity and reliability, (2) manifest and latent content, and (3) objectivity and interpretation.

  5. Discuss the major issues and procedures involved in the management of quantitative data including coding, data entry, data cleaning, and storage of data sets.

  6. How does are researcher decide what type of analyses to perform? What must be considered when making such a decision? Give some specific examples

  7. Are random probability samples important in sociological research? Why? What techniques are available for producing random probability samples. When might a research use a non-probability sample? What techniques are available for producing non-probability samples?

  8. How do researchers make the findings of their research known? What are some of the factors that affect how and whether research findings get "published?" What are some of the political, social, and ethical issues involved in writing up and publishing research findings?