Steps in the Design of a Quantitative Research
- Choose a Topic/Develop Research Question
- Choose a topic.
- Review the relevant literature.
- Develop a focused research question.
- Develop hypothesis(es) or model(s) to be
- Choose a Research Method.
- Consider the goal and purpose of the study.
- Consider the unit of analysis and observation.
- Consider what is to be measured and the types of
indicators to be used.
- Consider the issue of change over time.
- Consider the issue of causality.
- Consider available resources.
- Consider the strengths and weaknesses of each
- Consider the ethical issues involved.
- Define, Operationalize and Decide How to Measure Concepts.
Develop a Sampling Strategy
- Define the major concepts/variables in your
- Identify indicators of major concepts/variables.
- Develop instruments to measure indicators.
- Develop procedures for administering measurement
Develop a Strategy for Managing and Analyzing Data.
- Decide on the population of interest.
- Design a sampling
Write a Research Proposal
- Determine the nature and structure of the data set to be obtained or created.
- Choose data analysis software.
- Determine how to read and define the data.
- Develop procedures for checking and "cleaning" the data.
- Develop a preliminary strategy for recoding variables and computing composite variables.
- Determine appropriate statistical tests needed to evaluate
Complete The Research
- Determine your audience and the pupose of the proposal.
- Write and submit the proposal.
- Receive approval and/or funding.
- Draw sample.
- Collect data.
- Create/manage data set.
- Analyze data.
- Interpret statistical output.
- Write up findings, implications, and conclusions.
- Incorporate material from proposal, findings and conclusions into a
final research report.
- Present final report as thesis to committee, report to funding agency, or paper
at profession meeting and/or publish paper in