garment workers' strike.
garment workers' strike, Sep. 22 1910 - Feb. 18 1911 from the
Women Working collection.
1910 Jane Addams' Twenty Years
at Hull-House is published.
An excellent guide to studying this work is part of the Teachers'
Resources section of
Experience in Chicago: Hull-House and Its Neighborhoods,
1889-1963 (Jane Addams Hull-House Museum).
1910 Madam C.J. Walker sets up a
factory and beauty school in
C. J. Walker Collection [Indiana Historical Society] includes digital
images of Walker, advertisements, and examples of hairstyles.
Preview A'Lelia Bundles'
On Her Own Ground: The Life and Times of Madam C.J. Walker (Simon and
Bundles discusses the life of Madam C. J. Walker in a Library of
Congress Symposium, "Resourceful Women: Researching and Interpreting
American Women's History."
The Triangle Factory
Fire, March 25, 1911 [Kheel
Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives]
The "Sources" section of this site includes documents, photographs and
and audio files of oral histories.
Preview Dave Von Drehle's
Triangle: The Fire That Changed America (Atlantic Monthly Press,
1911 Virginia Gildersleeve becomes
dean of Barnard College.
Rosalind Rosenberg explores Gildersleeve's long career at Barnard in Virginia
Gildersleeve: Opening the Gates, part of Columbia University's Living
1912 The Bread and Roses Strike begins in Lawrence,
Bread and Roses
Strike Begins ["Mass Moments," Massachusetts Foundation for the
Strike of 1912 [Women Working, 1800-1930, Harvard University
Library] provides an overview of the strike, primary sources in digital
format, and links to additional web resources.
1912 Harriet Monroe founds
the first periodical in the United States devoted exclusively to
The Poetry site includes a slideshow
of the December 1936
issue that included remembrances of Monroe by Ezra Pound, Carl Sandburg,
Wallace Stevens, Marianne Moore, and others.
Editor: A History of Poetry in Letters: The First Fifty Years,
1912-1962 (W. W. Norton, 2002). This collection includes letters to
and from Monroe.
1912 Juliette Gordon
Low (1860-1927) founds the Girl Scouts
1800-1930 [Harvard University Library] offers online access to early
books about the Girl Scouts, including Low's How Girls Can Keep Their
of Low appears in the New Georgia Encyclopedia.
1912 Oregon's Equal Suffrage
Voices & Visions: Proclamation of Woman's Suffrage in Oregon
(University of Oregon Library and the Center for the Study of Women in
1912 U.S. Children's Bureau is
Lindenmeyer's presentation [video; 19 min.] on the role of women in
and work of the Children's Bureau was part of the Library of Congress
Resourceful Women: Researching and Interpreting American Women's
See also Lindenmeyer's "A Right to Childhood": The U.S. Children's
Bureau and Child Welfare, 1912-1946 (University of Illinois Press,
Review] [Find in a
Harris "Mother" Jones is arrested after leading protest of conditions
in West Virginia mines.
This segment is from the
Talking History radio program (note date: 2 September 2002).
goods workers of New York strike.
Read Rose Schneiderman
and the White Goods Workers of New York, taken from Chapter 2 of
Carrie Brown's Rosie's Mom: Forgotten
Women Workers of the First World War (Northeastern University Press,
1913 The woman suffrage parade in
Washington, D.C. draws more than 5000
Sheridan Harvey's essay, Marching for
the Vote: Remembering the Woman Suffrage Parade of 1913, is part of
the Library of Congress guide, American Women.
1914 Elsie De Wolfe's The House in Good Taste is published.
House in Good Taste is part of the University of Wisconsin's Digital
Library for the Decorative Arts and Material Culture.
1914 Margaret Sanger publishes the
first issue of The Woman
Margaret Sanger and The Woman
Rebel [Model Editions Partnership].
1914 Nina Allender becomes the
official cartoonist for the National Woman's
House and Museum Catalog
offers images of more than 130 of Allender's political cartoons.
1915 Edith Bolling Galt marries President Woodrow Wilson.
View the Booknotes Interview with
Phyllis Lee Levin, author of Edith and Woodrow: The Wilson White
1915The International Congress of
Women at The Hague adopts a plan for continuous mediation with belligerent
Women Activists Promote Peace in Their
1915 Tour of Warring European Capitals? [Women and Social Movements in
the United States]
This site documents the experiences and influence of three American
delegates (Jane Addams, Emily Greene Balch, and Alice Hamilton) during
1915 The Women's International
League for Peace and Freedom is founded.
The Swarthmore College Peace Collection's online
exhibit on the history of the WILPF includes about 100
1916 Suffrage activist Inez Milholland collapses while speaking
on stage in Los Angeles, and dies a month later.
Listen to the Talking History interview, Linda
Lumsden on the Life and Times of Inez Milholland [26 August 2004].
1916 Jeannette Rankin of Montana
becomes the first American woman elected to
the United States Congress. See Jeannette
Rankin: Activist for World Peace, Women's Rights, and Democratic
Government [Suffragists Oral History Project, UC Berkeley, Regional
Oral History Office].
See Christy Jo Snider's H-Women
online review of Norma
Smith's Jeannette Rankin: America's
Conscience (Montana Historical Society Press, 2002).
1916 Keating-Owen Child
Labor Act of 1916 [100 Milestone Documents]
The National Woman's Party is founded.
of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party
[Library of Congress] documents the wide range of tactics that the NWP
used in its push for ratification of the 19th Amendment.
1917 Callie House, the driving force behind the Ex-Slave Mutual Relief,
Bounty and Pension Association, begins serving a one-year sentence in
the Missouri State Prison in Jefferson City.
Watch Mary Frances
Berry's lecture, Callie
House: My Face is Black is True.
1917 Emma Goldman and Alexander
Berkman are sentenced to two years in
obstruct the draft.
The Emma Goldman Papers
site includes the text of Goldman's
speeches against conscription.
1917 Georgia O'Keeffe's first
one-person show is held at the 291 gallery
The Georgia O'Keeffe Museum
includes a biographical profile and a detailed chronology.
The National Gallery of Art's Radio
Programs offers a brief interview (3 min., 31 sec.) with Barbara
Buhler Lynes, co-curator of the O'Keeffe on Paper exhibition.
of Art History includes an overview of O'Keeffe's life and examples of
Segment 2: From the Archives: "Ernestine Hara Kettler Recalling Her
Imprisonment after the National Woman's Party March on Washington of 1917
(Recorded 1-29-1973)." [online]. Talking History, August 26,
1917 The United States enters World
Carrie Brown offers excerpts from her book, Rosie's Mom:
Forgotten Women Workers of the First World War.
Several digital collections are cited in the World
War I section of American Women's History: A Research Guide.
The American Influenza Epidemic
of 1918-1919: A Digital Encyclopedia (University of Michigan
Center for the History of Medicine)
Remember When: What Became of the Influenza Pandemic of 1918." (The
Influenza Epidemic of 1918 in Philadelphia) [online]. Talking History,
24 March 2005. Available
Originally broadcast on WUHY-FM in Philadelphia on 18 January 1983.
Several women and men recall the epidemic in this segment.
1919 Julia Morgan begins work on the Hearst Castle.
the Julia Morgan Architectural Drawings, 1907-1929 includes over 30
digital images of drawings for the Hearst Castle and other projects.
1919 Mary Pickford, D. W. Griffith,
Douglas Fairbanks, and Charlie Chaplin form United Artists to produce and
distribute their own films.
Preview Eileen Whitfield's Pickford: The Woman
Who Made Hollywood (University Press of
Access [online]. [Durham, NC]:
Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke
Images of over 7000 advertisements from U.S. and Canadian newspapers and
magazines between 1911 and 1955. "Beauty and hygiene" is one of the five
areas of concentration.
Emergence of Advertising
in America: 1850-1920 [online]. [Durham, NC]: Digital Scriptorium,
Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library,
Duke University, 2000 [cited 12 March 2001]. Available from:
Medicine and Madison
Avenue [online]. Durham, NC: Digital Scriptorium, Rare Book,
Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke University, 2002 [cited
28 September 2002]. Available
Images of 600 health-related advertisements that appeared in newspapers
and magazines from the 1910s through the 1950s.
Peterson, Kelsy. The Glory
of Woman: Prescriptive Literature in the
Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and Culture
[online]. Durham, NC: Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and
Culture, Duke University, 2003 [cited 21 November 2005]. Available
Researchers can browse this extensive, annotated bibliography by date.
Women Working, 1800-1930
[online]. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Library Open Collections
Program, 2004- [cited 21 November 2005]. Available
Select "Browse the Collection," then "Conduct of Life" to retrieve digital
editions of books published from 1800 to 1930. Results display in reverse
Dress Costume Collections allows researchers to search four
collections simultaneously. Enter 1910-1919 to search
for items from the 1910s.
Historical Museum Children's Clothing Collection
[online]. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society, updated 26 June 2001
[cited 10 December 2001]. Available
Tour the collection by decade (then by gender and type of clothing).
Browse the Quilt Index by time period (e.g.,
For Our Mutual
Benefit: The Athens Woman's Club and Social Reform, 1912-1920
[online]. Digital Library of Georgia, 2006. Available from:
From Pi Beta Phi
to Arrowmont [online]. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Libraries,
. Available from: http://www.lib.utk.edu/arrowmont/index.html.
section of the site includes letters (and a diary) by Ruth Sturley from
1919. The Scrapbooks
section includes photographs from this period.
Schoedler (1891-1963) [online]. In Women Working,
Mass.: Harvard University Library,
2005. In her 1914 diary, Schoedler describes her work as a secretary in
New York City, her social life, and her athletic activities.
Researchers can examine state and county topics for individual census
years and over time, as well as generate maps of selected data.
Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to
1970. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1975.
Also available online in two parts: Part
1 and Part
Statistical Abstract of the United States [online]. Washington,
DC: Government Printing Office, 1879- .
A valuable online tool for locating historical statistics for a given
Preview David Blanke's The 1910s
(Greenwood Press, 2002), part of Greenwood's American Popular Culture
American Women Through Time
Middle Tennessee State Univ. Library
Murfreesboro, TN 37132