Mary Church Terrell's autobiography,
A Colored Woman in a White
World, is published.
Suffrage: The Final Push, part of Library of Congress' American
Women guide, includes pages from five
different drafts of the autobiography.
Japan attacks Pearl Harbor.
Day of Infamy: "Man-on-the-Street" Interviews Following the Attack on
Pearl Harbor [Library of Congress]
1941 Jeannette Rankin is the only
legislator to vote against the declaration
of war on Japan after the raid on Pearl Harbor.
Rankin discusses the vote in an oral
history interview (Suffragists Oral History Project,
Regional Oral History Office, Bancroft Library). See "World War II" in the
to the oral history interview.
Access provides access to many photographs of Rankin, including
"Jeannette Rankin seated in a House of Representatives's cloakroom
telephone booth after casting her vote against a declaration of war on
Bytes from Stanford's Archive of Recorded Sound includes Eleanor
Roosevelt's radio program, "Over Our Coffee Cups," from Sunday evening,
December 7, 1941.
Incarceration of Japanese Americans
American Internment section American Women's History: A
Research Guide includes numerous links to digital collections.
1942 Oveta Culp Hobby is appointed
Director of the The Women's Army
Auxiliary Corps (WAAC).
See the online exhibit, Oveta
Culp Hobby and the Women's Army Corps (Fondren Library, Rice
1942 Mary Lasker and husband Albert
found the Lasker Foundation to support medical research and health
Lasker is featured in Notable
New Yorkers [Oral History Research Office, Columbia University
Libraries]. The site includes streaming audio and the transcript from the
oral history interview, a biographical profile, and a small photo gallery.
1942 Women Airforce Service Pilots
See The Women Airforce Service Pilots
Collection at Texas Woman's University.
1943 Agnes de Mille choreographs Oklahoma!.
Mind: The Choreographer as Creator [audio; 30 min.] includes an
interview with de Mille from the 1950s.
1943 The All-American Girls
Baseball League is formed.
Listen to the Talking History interview with Gai
Berlage, author of Women in Baseball: The Forgotten History.
1943 Cornelia Fort becomes the first
American woman pilot to die flying a
Read Fort's article At
the Twilight's Last Gleaming ("Fly Girls," PBS).
1943 Jacqueline Cochran is appointed
head of the Woman's Airforce Service
Cochran and the Women's Airforce Service Pilots (WASPs) (Dwight
D. Eisenhower Library) includes letters, reports, and photographs that
document Cochran's career.
1943 Mildred Harnack is executed for
treason on Hitler's orders.
Brysac, Shareen. Mildred Harnack
[online]. Interviewed by Bryan Le Beau. Talking History, 27
August 2001. Available
See also Honoring
Mildred Harnack Fish: From Wisconsin Born and Educated to Resistance
Fighter During World War II With the Red Orchestra
Rockwell's Rosie the Riveter
appears on the cover of the Saturday Evening Post on May 29, 1943.
In the Library of Congress webcast, Rosie the
Riveter: Real Women Workers in World War II,
Sheridan Harvey explores the evolution of the Rosie the
1944 Martha Graham's Appalachian Spring
Treasures of the Library of Congress: Appalachian Spring
1944 Ruth Gruber, as a special
assistant to Secretary of the Interior Harold
Ickes, helps escort almost 1000 Holocaust survivors from Europe to Oswego,
Gruber recalls this defining moment in her life in the first part of an interview
from CUNY TV's Jewish Women in America series.
Eleanor Roosevelt is appointed by Presidnet Truman to serve on the United
States delegation to
the United Nations.
The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers
website offers a variety of online documents, including articles, book
excerpts, "My Day" columns, correspondence, and speeches.
Allida M. Black's
presentation [video; 19 min., 43 sec.] on the challenges of being the
director and editor of the
Eleanor Roosevelt Papers was part of the Library of Congress Symposium,
Resourceful Women: Researching and
Interpreting American Women's History .
1945 Harvard Medical School admits
women for the first time.
Harvard's Countway Medical Library features
First class of women admitted to Harvard Medical School, 1945 in its
"Image of the Month" series.
1945 More than 80,000 Holocaust
survivors will immigrate to the United
States between 1945 and 1952.
After the Holocaust, an oral history exhibit from the United States
Holocaust Memorial Museum, documents the experiences of six Holocaust
survivors who immigrated to the United States.
from World War Two by Dickey Chapelle [Wisconsin Historical Society]
1945 U.S. drops atomic bombs on
Hiroshima (August 6) and Nagasaki (August
9). See the interview with Shigeko
Sasamori, a survivor of
the atomic bombing. Sasamori was one of 26 women who were brought to the
U.S. for reconstructive surgery by Norman Cousins.
A letter from the John
and Priscilla Holloway Papers [Marquette University Libraries]
provides an American woman's reaction to the bombing of Hiroshima.
1946 Mamie Clark founds the Northside Center for Child Development in Harlem.
is featured in Notable
New Yorkers [Oral History Research Office, Columbia
University Libraries]. The site includes streaming audio and the
transcripts from the oral history interviews, a biographical profile, and
a small photo gallery. See the Table
of Contents for coverage of the Northside Center for Child
1946 Mary Lou Williams' Zodiac Suite
is performed at Carnegie Hall.
Profiles from NPR: Mary Lou Williams 1910-1981 includes excerpts from
interviews with Williams and others.
Listen to Tavis Smiley's interview
with Linda Dahl [audio; 9
min.], author of
Morning Glory: A Biography of Mary Lou Williams (New York : Pantheon
1946 Mendez v. Westminster decision
dismantles the segregated school system
in Orange County, California.
v. Westminster: Desegregating California's schools [Teachers'
Domain] includes an overview of the case, questions for discussion, and a
Quicktime video (8 min., 36 sec.) of an
interview with Sylvia Mendez.
1947 Marjory Stoneman
Douglas' The Everglades: River of Grass is published.
the Everglades: South Florida's Natural History, 1884-1934. Use the
"Author Index" to locate
Douglas' articles, correspondence, and a photograph.
Eleanor Roosevelt presents the
Universal Declaration of Human Rights to the UN General Assembly for
The Eleanor Roosevelt Papers site offers the text of
Universal Declaration of Human Rights and answers
role did ER play in the drafting of the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights?.
1948 Margaret Chase Smith becomes
the first woman elected to both houses of
Woman Elected to Both Houses of Congress is one the "Historical Minute
Essays" on the U.S. Senate site.
Burnita Shelton Matthews is named Federal District Court judge for
the District of Columbia.
Shelton Matthews: Pathfinder in the Legal Aspects of
Women, part of the Suffragists Oral History Project, includes a
section on Matthews' Federal
Access [online]. [Durham, NC]:
Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke
Images of over 7000 advertisements from U.S. and Canadian newspapers and
magazines between 1911 and 1955. "Beauty and hygiene" is one of the five
areas of concentration.
Medicine and Madison
Avenue [online]. Durham, NC: Digital Scriptorium, Rare Book,
Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke University, 2002 [cited
28 September 2002]. Available
Images of 600 health-related advertisements that appeared in newspapers
and magazines from the 1910s through the 1950s.
Clothing and Fashion
Make the Woman: 1940s Style on Display [Morning Edition, National
Public Radio] offers a brief overview of the Kennedy Center exhibit.
Dress Costume Collections allows researchers to search four
collections simultaneously. Enter 1940-1949 to search
for items from the 1940s.
Historical Museum Children's Clothing Collection
[online]. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society, updated 26 June 2001
[cited 10 December 2001]. Available
Tour the collection by decade (then by gender and type of clothing).
Games: Rehearsal and Performance (1944?) (Barnard College)
Researchers can examine state and county topics for individual census
years and over time, as well as generate maps of selected data.
Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to
1970. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1975.
Also available online in two parts: Part
1 and Part
Statistical Abstract of the United States [online]. Washington,
DC: Government Printing Office, 1879- .
A valuable online tool for locating historical statistics for a given
See the Public Opinion section for
citations to print and electronic sources.
The database America: History & Life offers a simple option
for limiting a search for articles and other sources to a specific time
period. If you are searching for articles that cover the 1940s, enter
1940d in the "Time Period" row of the search screen. See Searching
America: History & Life by Time Period for an example using another
American Women's History: A Timeline
Middle Tennessee State Univ. Library
Murfreesboro, TN 37132