The 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution gives women the
right to vote.
Constitution: The 19th Amendment is one of the Featured Documents on
the National Archives web site.
The Volunteer Voices database includes Political
cartoons, correspondence, photographs and other items that document
Tennessee's pivotal role in passage of 19th Amendment.
Sewall-Belmont House and Museum
Catalog offers images
related to the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment, including a
photo of members of the Tennessee legislature who supported
Catt Collection of Suffrage Photographs includes more than 800
photographs of suffrage leaders and events.
Amelia Earhart takes her first flying lesson from Neta
Chat with the Curator: Amelia Earhart and Neta Snook (The Gilder
Lehrman Institute of American History)
1921 The Bryn Mawr
Summer School for Women Workers is
Thomas McGuire's review of Karyn L. Hollis' Liberating
at the Bryn Mawr Summer
School for Women Workers (Southern Illinois University Press,
2004) appears in Women and Social Movements (June 2005).
1921 Margaret Sanger founds the
American Birth Control League, the precursor
the Planned Parenthood Federation of America.
Sanger [Women Working, 1800-1930, Harvard University Library]
offers a biographical profile of Sanger and a variety of relevant digital
editions, including What We Stand
For: Principles and Aims of the American Birth Control League.
Bessie Smith records "Down Hearted Blues" for Columbia Records.
Profiles from NPR:
Bessie Smith. This profile covers Smith's rise to fame, difficulties
during the Great Depression, and her influence on contemporary blues
1923 Edna St. Vincent Millay becomes
the first woman to be awarded the Pulitzer Prize for poetry.
In this Library of Congress webcast, Milford discussed her book,
Savage Beauty: The Life of Edna St. Vincent Millay.
1923 The Equal Rights
Amendment, drafted by Alice Paul, is
introduced in the
from the Records of the National Woman's Party [Library of
This site offers a number of relevant photographs, including National
Woman's Party members standing in front of the Capitol. They are about
to ask congressmen from their states to vote for Equal Rights Amendment.
1924 Evangelist Aimee Semple
opens the Angelus Temple in Los Angeles.
Listen to Aimee
Semple McPherson -- An Oral Mystery, part of National Public Radio's
Lost & Found Sound series.
Experience: Sister Aimee [PBS] includes an overview of the film, a
program transcript, a small gallery, and a teacher's guide.
Florence Sabin becomes the first female member of the National Academy of
The National Library of Medicine offers documents from The Florence R. Sabin Papers as
part of its Profiles in Science site.
1925 Mary Breckinridge organizes the
Frontier Nursing Service to provide
care to remote areas of Eastern Kentucky. See Frontier
Nursing Service Oral History Project for transcriptions of interviews.
1925 Nellie Tayloe Ross
is inaugurated as the thirteenth
governor of Wyoming, thus becoming the first woman governor of a
state in the United States.
Nellie Tayloe Ross Papers [American Heritage Center, University of
Wyoming] documents her work as governor and as director of the U.S.
Preview Teva J. Scheer's Governor
Lady: The Life and Times of Nellie Tayloe Ross (University of Missouri
1925 Zora Neale Hurston registers
her play Meet the Mama for
The Zora Neale Hurston
Plays at the Library of Congress
This site includes the text of ten Hurston plays that were deposited in
U.S. Copyright Office between 1925 and 1944.
Neale Hurston [Audio; 6 min., 49 sec.], NPR's Annie Wu reports on the
discovery of these ten plays.
1926 Bertha K. Landes is elected mayor of Seattle.
University of Washington
Libraries Digital Collections include more than 20 images of Landes.
In Buck v. Bell, the U.S. Supreme Court upholds Virginia's eugenic
Three Generations, No Imbeciles:
Virginia, Eugenics & Buck v. Bell
[Claude Moore Health Sciences Library, University of Virginia] includes an
overview of the case.
The Carter Family records songs during the Bristol
Music's First Family includes an interview with Mark Zwonitzer,
coauthor of Will You Miss Me When I'm Gone? The Carter Family and
Their Legacy in American Music, and audio recordings of several
Carter Family songs. Also see the companion site to the PBS film, The Carter Family: Will
the Circle Be Unbroken.
1927 Dorothy Arzner directs her
Fashions for Women.
Preview Judith Mayne's book,
Directed by Dorothy Arzner (Indiana
University Press, 1994).
1928 Lydia Mendoza makes first recording as a member of Cuarteto
YouTube includes a video of Mendoza performing
Frontera Collection of
Mexican American Music [UCLA Library]
Mendoza, Queen of Tejano [National Public Radio]
Mendoza's Life in Music / La Historia de Lydia Mendoza [Google
Search] includes the author's interview with Mendoza in English
translation, followed by the Spanish original.
1928 Margaret Mead publishes
Coming of Age in
Margaret Mead: Human Nature
and the Power of Culture [Library of Congress] includes letters to and
from Mead, an example of her field notes in Somoa, and photographs.
1929 In a 1975 oral history interview, Dorothy
Height recalls the musicians and actors she met when she moved to
Harlem in 1929.
1929 Gerty and Carl Cori develop the
"Cori cycle" theory, their
the movement of energy in the body. They will win the Nobel Prize for
this theory in 1947.
of the Human Mind (1951), Cori's essay that formed the basis for her
contribution to Edward R. Murrow's radio series,"This I Believe." Gerty
Cori is featured in Changing the Face
of Medicine from the National Library of Medicine.
1929 Mildred Wirt contracts
to write the first three Nancy Drew mystery novels.
Mildred Wirt Benson
Collection [University of Iowa Libraries] This digitial
collection includes more
than 250 items (e.g., correspondence, cover gallery, photographs] that
document the career of this prolific
II. RESEARCH SOURCES
Access [online]. [Durham, NC]:
Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke
Images of over 7000 advertisements from U.S. and Canadian newspapers and
magazines between 1911 and 1955. "Beauty and hygiene" is one of the five
areas of concentration.
Medicine and Madison
Avenue [online]. Durham, NC: Digital Scriptorium, Rare Book,
Manuscript, and Special Collections Library, Duke University, 2002 [cited
28 September 2002]. Available
Images of 600 health-related advertisements that appeared in newspapers
and magazines from the 1910s through the 1950s.
Peterson, Kelsy. The Glory
of Woman: Prescriptive Literature in the
Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and Culture
[online]. Durham, NC: Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and
Culture, Duke University, 2003 [cited 21 November 2005]. Available
Researchers can browse this extensive, annotated bibliography by date.
Women Working, 1800-1930
[online]. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Library Open Collections
Program, 2004- [cited 21 November 2005]. Available
Select "Browse the Collection," then "Conduct of Life" to retrieve digital
editions of books published from 1800 to 1930. Results display in reverse
Dress Costume Collections allows researchers to search four
collections simultaneously. Enter 1920-1929 to search
for items from the 1920s.
Historical Museum Children's Clothing Collection
[online]. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society, updated 26 June 2001
[cited 10 December 2001]. Available
Tour the collection by decade (then by gender and type of clothing).
See the Clothing section of American Women's History: A Research Guide for
additional digital collections and related sources.
Researchers can examine state and county topics for individual census
years and over time, as well as generate maps of selected data.
Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to
1970. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1975.
Also available online in two parts: Part
1 and Part
Statistical Abstract of the United States [online]. Washington,
DC: Government Printing Office, 1879- .
A valuable online tool for locating historical statistics for a given
Hull (1877-1957) [online]. In Women
Working, 1800-1930. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Library,
This site includes brief biographical information about actress Josephine
Hull, a portrait, and Hull's diary from 1920 to 1924. Diary entries cover
her activities in New York City, including her work as an actress, acting
teacher, and membership in the Actor's Equity Association.
Newspapers [online]. Salt Lake City: Marriott Library,
University of Utah, 2002 [cited 12 February 2003]. Available
Several papers in this collection cover the 1920s.
See the Collections
Titles and Dates.
Browse the Quilt Index by time period (e.g.,
The Quilts section of American
History: A Research Guide includes additional links to digital
America: History & Life [online]. Santa Barbara, CA :
Inc., 1998- .
This database offers a simple option for limiting a search for articles
and other sources to a specific time period.
Brown, Dorothy M. Setting a Course: American Women in the
1920s. Boston: Twayne, 1987.
American Women Through Time
Middle Tennessee State Univ. Library
Murfreesboro, TN 37132