|American Women Through Time|
Go to: II. RESEARCH SOURCES (Historical Overviews, Primary Sources, and Secondary Sources)
Elizabeth Keckley becomes Mary Todd Lincoln's dressmaker.
1861 Harriet Jacobs' Incidents
Life of a Slave Girl is published.
Life of a Slave Girl [Documenting the American South].
1861 Rose O'Neal Greenhow, a
Confederate spy, is placed under house
1862 The Battle of Prairie Grove: Civilian Recollections of the Civil War, part of the Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plans series from the National Park Service.
1862 Dr. Marie Elizabeth
Zakrzewska opens the New England Hospital for Women and Children.
1862 Homestead Act
1862 Julia Ward Howe writes the
"Battle Hymn of the Republic."
1862 Letter, Mary Todd Lincoln to Abraham Lincoln advising her husband to remove the hesitant Gen. George B. McClellan from command, 2 November . In Words and Deeds in American History [Library of Congress].
Sand Creek Massacre leaves at least 150 Cheyennes and Arapahos dead.
1865 Vassar College, chartered in
1861, welcomes its first group of students.
Caroline Healey Dall's The College, the Market, and the Court; or
Woman's Relation to Education, Labor, and Law is published.
1869 Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony found the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA), and Lucy Stone helps found the more moderate American Woman Suffrage Association.
Sophia Smith Endows
New Women's College, March 8, 1870 [Mass Moments, Massachusetts
Foundation for the Humanities]
The Great Chicago Fire and the
Web of Memory [online]. [Chicago, Ill.]: Chicago Historical Society
and the Trustees of Northwestern University, 1996. Available from:
Susan B. Anthony is arrested and brought to trial for attempting to vote
in the presidential election.
1872 Victoria Woodhull is nominated
as a presidential candidate for the
Equal Rights Party.
1872 Winema Riddle works for peace
during the Modoc War.
Ellen Swallow Richards becomes the first woman graduate of MIT.
The Woman's Christian Temperance Union is founded.
1876 The National Woman Suffrage Association issues leaflet, Declaration and Protest of the Women of the United States by the National Woman Suffrage Association. July 4th, 1876 [An American Time Capsule: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera].
1876 Sculptor Edmonia Lewis
completes The Death of Cleopatra.
1876 Lydia E. Pinkham registers the
label and trademark for Lydia
1878 Teaching With Documents Lesson Plan: Petition of Amelia Bloomer Regarding Suffrage in the West [U.S. National Archives & Records Administration]
Belva Lockwood becomes the first woman admitted to the Supreme Court
1879 Frances Willard is elected
president of the Women's Christian Temperance Union.
1879 Patent model of Margaret Knight's machine for making paper bags, 1879 is featured in Legacies [Smithsonian Institution]
1879 Mary Baker Eddy founds the
First Church of Christ Scientist.
See also: Newspapers
Emergence of Advertising
in America: 1850-1920 [online]. [Durham, NC]: Digital Scriptorium,
Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library,
Duke University, 2000 [cited 12 March 2001]. Available from:
Peterson, Kelsy. The Glory
of Woman: Prescriptive Literature in the
Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and Culture
[online]. Durham, NC: Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and
Culture, Duke University, 2003 [cited 21 November 2005]. Available
Women Working, 1800-1930
[online]. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Library Open Collections
Program, 2004- [cited 21 November 2005]. Available
Artifacts The following digital collections group images of clothing by time period.
Bissonnette, Anne. Bissonnette on Costume: A Visual Dictionary of Fashion [online]. c1999. Available from: http://dept.kent.edu/museum/costume/. Select "Time Search."
Wisconsin Historical Museum Children's Clothing Collection [online]. Madison: Wisconsin Historical Society, updated 26 June 2001 [cited 10 December 2001]. Available from: http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/museum/collections/online/.
Print sources for the history of clothing/fashion during this period include:
Severa, Joan L. Dressed for the Photographer: Ordinary Americans and Fashion, 1840-1900. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, c1995.
Emma Spaulding Bryant Letters: An Online Archival Collection [online]. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Libraries. Available from: http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/bryant/.
Women's Letters and Diaries: A Bibliography lists
WorldCat records for books that include first-hand accounts written by
women during this time period.
Newspapers section of American Women's History: A Research Guide for additional information sources.
Brooklyn Daily Eagle Online (1841-1902) [online]. Brooklyn: Brooklyn Public Library, 2004 [cited 22 November 2005]. Available from: http://www.brooklynpubliclibrary.org/eagle/.
Newspapers [online]. Salt Lake City: Marriott Library,
University of Utah, 2002 [cited 12 February 2003]. Available
The database America: History & Life offers a simple option
for limiting a search for articles and other sources to a specific time
See America: History & Life: Searching by Time
Period for an example using another time period.
Middle Tennessee State Univ. Library
Murfreesboro, TN 37132