American Women Through Time
Education
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1821
Emma Hart Willard founds the Troy Female Seminary in New York.
Harvard's Women Working, 1800-1930 site includes a profile of Willard and links to works by and about Willard.

1824
Adams Female Academy opens in Londonderry, New Hampshire under the leadership of Zilpah Polly Grant.
See the Zilpah P. Grant Banister Papers, part of the Five College Archives Digital Access Project.

1833
Oberlin College becomes the first coeducational collegiate institution in the United States.
Ohio Memory includes Oberlin student Betsy Mix Cowles' letters from the 1830s. Women and Social Movements in the United States includes documents that students can apply to the following question: How Did Oberlin Women Students Draw on Their College Experience to Participate in Antebellum Social Movements, 1831-1861?

Prudence Crandall, a white Quaker, opens a teacher-training school for young African-American women in Canterbury, Connecticut. Local opposition forces the school to close the following year.
Crandall's letters and other relevant documents are reproduced in A Canterbury Tale: A Document Package for Connecticut's Prudence Crandall Affair [Gilder Lehrman Center].
See Kazimiera Kozlowski and David A. Poirier, .... To Get A Little More Learning. - Prudence Crandall's Female Boarding School CRM Online 20, no. 3 (1997): 40-43.

1837
Laura Bridgman becomes a student at the Perkins School for the Blind.
The Perkins School for the Blind History Museum offers a Biographical profile of Bridgman and a Laura Bridgman Photo Gallery.

Mary Lyon (1797-1849) founds Mount Holyoke Female Seminary in Massachusetts. See the Mary Lyon Collection, part of the Five College Archives Digital Access Project.

1847
Lucy Stone graduates from Oberlin College. Stone refuses to write a commencement address because she would not be allowed to read it herself. See Women's Rights Pioneer Lucy Stone Born [Mass Moments, Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities] for a profile of Stone. The site also includes the text of a letter from Stone to her parents in which she explains why she refused to write a commencement address.

1849
Elizabeth Blackwell becomes the first woman to receive the M.D. degree.
Elizabeth Blackwell: That Girl There Is Doctor in Medicine, an online exhibit from the National Library of Medicine, includes Blackwell's class notes, her brother's account of the graduation, and additional sources that document her career.

1850
The Female Medical College of Pennsylvania becomes the first medical school for women. The institution will be renamed Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania in 1867.
Women Physicians: 1850s-1970s [Drexel University College of Medicine] documents the history and influence of the Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania with correspondence, scrapbooks, clippings, college records, images, diaries, publications and ephemera.

1870
Sophia Smith Endows New Women's College, March 8, 1870 [Mass Moments, Massachusetts Foundation for the Humanities]
The Five College Archives Digital Access Project includes materials that document the founding, opening, and early history of Smith College.

1873
Ellen Swallow Richards becomes the first woman graduate of MIT.
Ellen Swallow Richards online exhibit from MIT Libraries.

Emma Spaulding Bryant Letters: An Online Archival Collection [online]. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Libraries. Available from: http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/bryant/.

1881
Alice Freeman Palmer becomes president of Wellesley College.
Ruth Bordin's book, Alice Freeman Palmer: The Evolution of a New Woman [University of Michigan Press] is available online. Chapter 6, Fulfillment, covers Palmer's presidency at Wellesley.

Atlanta Baptist Female Seminary is founded by Sophia B. Packard and Harriet E. Giles. The institution is renamed Spelman Seminary in 1884 and Spelman College in 1924.
African-American Education in the Jim Crow South [Rockefeller Archive Center] includes Sophia Packard's letter to John D. Rockefeller from 1883 in which she asks for support for the institution.

1882
Association of Collegiate Alumnae, forerunner of the American Association of University Women, is formally organized. American Association of University Women's Online Museum features a timeline that includes the minutes from the organization's first meeting, photographs, and other sources.

1884
M. Carey Thomas becomes Dean of Bryn Mawr College.
Bryn Mawr College Library offers two fascinating online exhibits: The Sargent Portrait: M. Carey Thomas and John Singer Sargent and "The Very Best Woman's College There Is": M. Carey Thomas and the Making of the Bryn Mawr Campus.

Mary Elizabeth Garrett's gift of $306,977 enables the medical school of Johns Hopkins University to open the following year.
See Celebrating the Philanthropy of Mary Elizabeth Garrett.

Senda Berenson introduces the first rules for women's basketball.
The Five College Archives Digital Access Project includes correspondence, lecture notes, photographs, publications, and speeches from the Senda Berenson Papers.




American Women Through Time

Ken Middleton | Walker Library, MTSU, Murfreesboro, TN 37132