Diane Nash plays a key role in the Nashville sit-ins.
Nash and the Sit-Ins [Teachers' Domain] includes a biographical
profile of Nash and a video clip of an interview with Nash.
Access note: although access is free, registration is required.
Kennedy is elected President.
Eleanor Roosevelt, John
Kennedy, and the Election of 1960, a mini-edition from the Eleanor
Roosevelt Papers project, includes letters to and from Roosevelt,
excerpts from her "My Day" newspaper column, and audio from three JFK
The drug company G.D. Searle receives FDA approval to sell "the
Experience: The Pill [PBS] for a program transcript, timeline,
interviews with women, and much more.
Freedom Riders test a recent Supreme Court decision prohibiting
on interstate buses.
and the Albany Movement In Music of Social
Change. Atlanta: Emory University, .
Joan Browning was among the SNCC workers who were jailed in Albany,
Georgia for demonstrating at bus and train stations.
This site features letters and notes that Browning wrote on
papers towels and tissue while in jail.
Mercury 13': Training U.S. Women for Space [Audio; 8 min., 19
Listen to the NPR interview with Martha Ackmann, author of The Mercury
13: The Untold Story of 13 American Women and the Dream of Space
Peace Corps is established.
Digital Collection [Youngstown State University] includes interviews
with two women who were Peace Corps volunteers in the 1960s. Select "Peace
Corps" from the list of headings.
History [25 May 2000] includes the segment, "A History of the Peace
Corps. Eileen Dugan interviews Elizabeth Cobbs-Hoffman, author of
You Need is Love: The Peace Corp and the Spirit of the 1960s (Harvard
University Press, 1998).
President John F. Kennedy establishes the President's Commission on
the Status of Women.
the Archives: Vice-President Lyndon Baines Johnson Addresses the
President's Commission on the Status of Women (1962) [Talking History,
27 January 2005]
Women Strike for Peace is founded.
The Triptych digital
collection includes over 100 images of Women Strike for Peace buttons from
the Swarthmore College Peace Collection.
Constance Baker Motley successfully argues in Meredith v. Fair
that James Meredith should be admitted to
the University of Mississippi.
Baker Motley [Teachers' Domain; registration required] includes a
transcript of an interview in which Motley describes the Meredith case in
Dolores Huerta plays a major role in the formation of the National Farm
Movement: 1962-1993 [Si Se Puede Press, 2005] includes photos of
Huerta (Online Gallery
Search) and numerous essays by women and men who volunteered in the
Unsung of Civil Rights [National Public Radio; 8 min, 39 sec]
offers a brief report on Huerta.
Rachel Carson's Silent Spring is published.
Lear, Linda J. [Interview]
[online]. Interviewed by Dennis
Mihelick. Talking History, 15 April 1999. Available
Lear, author of Rachel Carson: Witness for Nature, talks about Carson's
life and work.
Betty Friedan's The Feminine Mystique is published.
Daniel Horowitz discusses his book,
Friedan and the Making of The Feminine Mystique, in a Talking
History interview [9 December 1999].
Bombing at a Birmingham church kills four African-American girls.
Listen to National Public Radio's segment, 16th
Street Baptist Church Bombing: Forty Years Later, Birmingham Still
Struggles with Violent Past.
Julia Child's public television program The French Chef began
on Boston's WGBH.
See Julia Child's
Kitchen at the Smithsonian, and the Archive of American
Television interview with Child that is available on Google Video.
Katharine Graham becomes president of the Washington Post.
Graham: A Life Remembered [National Public Radio]
Graham Remembered [Washington Post]
March on Washington
Were There: Dorothy Height [Tavis Smiley Show; time: 8 min.],
Height recalls her role in planning the event, the
experience of being close to Martin Luther King during his historic
speech, and the meeting of National Council of Negro Women the day after
Janus Adams recalls the experience of attending the March as a little girl
in Commentary: Remembering
the Speech [Tavis Smiley Show, August 27, 2003; time: 3 min., 54
Another relevant program: 1963
March on Washington: 'Medgar Evers Ballad'
Ten Leaders and a Tribute to Women [WGBH Forum]
Vivian J. Malone and James A. Hood become the first African-Americans
to sustain enrollment at the University of Alabama.
Vivian Malone Jones is on the panel that discusses
Integrating the University of Alabama [WGBH Forum].
Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination in public
accommodations and in employment.
Fannie Lou Hamer appears before
the credentials committee of the 1964
Democratic National Convention. She relates the difficulties that she
faced in registering to vote in Mississippi.
Listen to Hamer's Testimony
Before the Credentials Committee, Democratic National Convention, part
It Plain: A Century of Great African American Speeches from American
The Civil Rights in
Mississippi Digital Archive includes an
audio enhanced transcript of an oral history
interview with Hamer.
Kay Mills, author of This Little Light of Mine: The
Life of Fannie Lou Hamer, discusses Hamer's life with Brian Lamb in
Free Speech Movement at Berkeley
The Online Archive of California
includes hundreds of images that document the free speech movement. Many
of these photos include images of women (e.g., Joan Baez, Bettina
Aptheker recalls the period in an interview
(Bancroft Library) from 2001.
Blewen, John. Oh
Freedom Over Me [online]. Saint Paul, MN: Minnesota
Public Radio, 2000 [cited 18 June 2002]. Available
Listen to this engaging program about Freedom Summer. Topics include
activist strategies, freedom songs, and Fannie Lou Hamer. The site also
includes transcripts of selected interviews and a slideshow of
See Wednesdays in Mississippi: Civil
Rights as Women's Work
In Griswold v. Connecticut, the U.S. Supreme Court rules that
Connecticut's ban on the distribution of contraceptive devices
or information is a violation of married couples' right to privacy.
Listen to oral arguments from OYEZ.
Photojournalist Dickey Chapelle is killed while covering the Vietnam
War Photographs by Dickey Chapelle [Wisconsin Historical Society].
Selma-to-Montgomery march for civil rights.
Mark 40th Anniversary of Selma March [National Public Radio; 8 min.,
19 sec.] includes an interview with march organizer and participant Ameila
Visual Journey: Photographs by Lisa Law
Voting Rights Act
Historical Documents: The Voting Rights Act
Black Women at Virginia Tech
Oral History Project
[online]. Blacksburg: Virginia Tech University Libraries, updated 1
September 1999 [cited 15 November 2000]. Available
National Organization for Women is established.
Part III of The
Feminist Chronicles, 1953-1993 includes the text of numerous early NOW
Dare We Not Discriminate?, a Harvard Law School Forum (18 February
1966), includes speakers Betty Friedan, Mary I. Bunting, and Pauli Murray.
Diane Arbus' Identical Twins photograph.
Listen to Diane
Arbus' Identical Twins, part of National Public Radio's "Present at
the Creation" series.
In Loving v. Virginia, the Supreme Court rules that Virginia's
miscegenation statute is unconstitutional.
The online journal History Now
provides an overview of the case.
Construction Guides at the WTC, 1968-1971 (Lost & Found Sound,
National Public Radio; time: 21 minutes).
The "Catonsville Nine" protest against the Vietnam War by burning
several hundred draft records that they had taken from the
Selective Service Offices in Catonsville, Maryland. Marjorie
Melville and Mary Moylan are among the participants.
Fire and Faith: The Catonsville Nine
File [Enoch Pratt Public Library] provides profiles of the
participants, an audio file of an interview with draft board
employee who witnessed the event, and footage of the group as they burn
the draft records and recite the Lord's Prayer in unison.
Diahann Carroll becomes the first African American to star in a
television situation comedy. She plays a widowed nurse in
The Encyclopedia of Television provides a good overview of Julia.
The Archive of American Television interview with Carroll is available
on Google Video.
The Jeannette Rankin Brigade marches on Washington,
D.C. to protest the Vietnam War.
Rankin relates how the Jeannette
Rankin Brigade was formed in a oral
history interview (Suffragists Oral History Project, Regional Oral
History Office, Bancroft Library).
The Whole World Was
Watching: An Oral History of 1968
[online]. Providence, RI: Scholarly Technology Group, Brown University,
[1998- ]. Available from: http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/1968/.
Most of the interviewees at least touch upon civil rights. Naomi Craig, an
African American, discusses race relations and the assassination of Martin
Founding of the Chicago Women's Liberation Union (CWLU).
Learn more about the Chicago
Women's Liberation Union Herstory Project.
President Richard Nixon creates the Task Force on Women's Rights and
Responsibilities to recruit and train women for upper-level governmental
A Few Good
the Cause for Women in the U.S. Government, 1969-1974
[online]. University Park: University Libraries, The Pennsylvania State
University, 2003- [cited 11 March 2005]. Available
Roxcy Bolton successfully challenges "men only" sections in
Bolton, Pioneer Feminist [Florida Memory Project] includes an overview
of Bolton's work for women's rights, pro and con letters about the "men
only" lunch sections, photographs of Bolton, and lesson plans for grades
Stonewall Riots in New York City mark the starting point of the modern
gay rights movement.
Listen to the documentary Remembering
Stonewall from Sound Portraits (23:03 min.).
See the online exhibit, Stonewall
and Beyond: Lesbian and Gay Culture, from Columbia University
Linden-Ward, Blanche, and Carol Hurd Green. Changing the
Future: American Women in the 1960s. New York: Twayne, 1992.
Sigerman, Harriet, ed. The Columbia Documentary History of American
Women Since 1941. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003.
[online]. Otto G. Richter Library, University of Miami, 2004. Available
Includes a section on Gender
Adflip.com offers 6,000 print
advertisments published from 1940 to the present. Search by year or browse
In addition to examining state and county topics for individual census
years and over time, researchers can generate maps of selected data.
The Florida Memory Project
[State Library and Archives of Florida] offers several historic films from
the 1960s, including "The Road to Beauty" and "Florida Cinderella."
Television News of the
Civil Rights Era, 1950-1970 [online]. Charlottesville,
Va.: University of Virginia, Virginia Center for Digital History, 2005-
Oral History Collections
See the Public Opinion section for
citations to print and electronic sources.
The database America: History & Life offers a simple option
for limiting a search for articles and other sources to a specific time
period. If you are searching for articles that cover the 1960s,
enter 1960d in the "Time Period" row of the search screen. See Searching
America: History & Life by Time Period for an example using another
American Women Through Time
Middle Tennessee State Univ. Library
Murfreesboro, TN 37132