American Women's History: A Research Guide
Research Tools: Finding Primary Sources
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See also: Government Information Sources | Legal Sources: Laws/Court Cases | Maps | Material Culture | Microform Collections | Newspapers | Television/Historic Film | Women's Periodicals | Other Guides to Primary Sources

Additional Women's Collections [online]. San Antonio: Archives for Research on Women and Gender, University of Texas--San Antonio, [1996- ].
Annotated links to repositories, organized by state.

Archives USA [online]. [Ann Arbor] : ProQuest Information and Learning Co., 2001- .
Access to holdings and contact information of more than 5,480 repositories; [more info. from publisher]

H-Net Discussion Log Search Page One can search across all H-Net lists before posting a request for information to specific lists.

Hinding, Andrea, ed. Women's History Sources: A Guide to Archives and Manuscript Collections in the United States. New York: R. R. Bowker, 1979. 2 vols.
The definitive guide in the field, Women's History Sources provides brief but informative descriptions of over 18,000 collections in almost 1,600 repositories throughout the United States.

Museums USA [online]. National Alliance of State Museum Associations, n.d. [cited 21 February 2004]. Available from:

The Official Museum Directory. Washington, D.C.: American Association of Museums, 1971- . Annual since 1980.

Oral History Directory [online]. Alexandria, VA: Alexander Street Press, 2004- .

Oral History Online [online]. Alexandria, VA: Alexander Street Press, 2004- . See the publisher's overview of this resource.

Repositories of Primary Sources [online]. [Moscow, Idaho : University of Idaho Library, Special Collection and Archives, 1996- .
Links to 5300 web sites describing archival and manuscript holdings.

RLG's Archival Resources [online]. Mountain View, Calif.: Research Libraries Group, 1998- . more info. from publisher

500,000 records of archival & manuscript collections in libraries, museums, state archives, and historical societies.

WorldCat [online]. [Dublin, Ohio] : OCLC 1997- .
Bibliographic descriptions and cataloging information for over 40 million books, manuscripts, and other types of sources. Researchers can limit searches to "Archival Materials" on the advanced and expert search screens.

Newspapers and Periodicals

American Periodicals Series Online [online]. Ann Arbor, Mich.: ProQuest Information and Learning Company, 2000- .
Access to many women's periodicals, including Harper's Bazaar, Ladies' Repository, and The Lowell Offering.

The Gerritsen Collection: Women's History Online, 1543-1945 [online]. [Ann Arbor, Mich.: Bell & Howell Information and Learning, 2000- . See the publisher's overview of the collection.
Includes access to 265 periodicals.

ProQuest Historical Newspapers
This commercial database includes digital reproductions of The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Washington Post, and the Christian Science Monitor.

United States Newspaper Program [online]. "The United States Newspaper Program is a cooperative national effort among the states and the federal government to locate, catalog, and preserve on microfilm newspapers published in the United States from the eighteenth century to the present."

Other Guides to Primary Sources

American Women: A Gateway to Library of Congress Resources for the Study of Women's History and Culture in the United States [online]. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 2003- . Available from:
An expanded and searchable version of the print publication American Women: A Library of Congress Guide for the Study of Women's History and Culture in the United States (Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 2001).

Library Research Using Primary Sources [online]. Berkeley: Library, University of California, 1998- .

Making Sense of Evidence [online]. In History Matters. New York: American Social History Project / Center for Media and Learning, and Fairfax, Va.: Center for History and New Media, George Mason University, 1998- [cited 30 October 2002]. Available from:

Primary Sources Research [online]. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Library, 1996- . Available from:

Using Primary Sources on the Web [online]. Reference & User Services Association, History Section, 2003- [cited 15 November 2004]. Available from:

American Women's History: A Research Guide