American Women's History: A Research Guide
American Indian Women
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Bureau of Indian Affairs:
Photographs and Documents


Bataille, Gretchen M., and Kathleen M. Sands. American Indian Women: A Guide to Research. Hamden, Conn.: Garland, 1991. 423p.

Bibliography of Native North Americans [database]. [Norwood, Mass.]: SilverPlatter, 1997- .

Keeling, Richard. North American Indian Music: A Guide to Published Sources and Selected Recordings. New York and London: Garland Publishing, 1997. 420p.
This guide includes annotated references to almost 1500 sources. See "women" in the subject index.

Loeb, Catherine. North American Indian Women: Selected Sources. Madison, Wisc.: University of Wisconsin System, Women's Studies Librarian, 1985. 19p.

Miller, Jay, Colin G. Calloway, and Richard A. Sattler, comps. Writings in Indian History, 1985-1990. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1995. 216p.

Mintz, Steven, comp. "A Guide to Recent Books in Native American History." American Indian Quarterly 19 (Winter 1995): 91-142.

Native Health History Database [online]. [Albuquerque]: University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center Library, n.d. [cited 6 April 2000]. Available from:
Citations and abstracts to 3,300 health-related articles and documents covering the time period from 1652 to 1970.

White, Phillip M. American Indian Studies: A Bibliographic Guide. Englewood, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 1995. 163p.

Woodsum, Jo Ann. "Gender and Sexuality in Native American Societies: A Bibliography." American Indian Quarterly 19 (Fall 1995): 527-54.

Biographical Sources

Bataille, Gretchen M., ed. Native American Women: A Biographical Dictionary. Hamden, Conn.: Garland, 1993. 333p.

Green, Rayna. Native American Women: A Contextual Bibliography. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, c1983.

Johansen, Bruce, and Donald A. Grinde, Jr. The Encyclopedia of Native American Biography. New York: Henry Holt, 1997. 463p.

Sonneborn, Liz. A to Z of Native American Women. New York: Facts on File, 1998.

Encyclopedias/Historical Overviews

Champagne, Duane, ed. The Native North American Almanac. Detroit: Gale Research, 1994.

------. Chronology of Native American History. Detroit: Gale Research, 1994.
Ten chronocologically arranged chapters highlight important people, places and events that have shaped Native American history. Supplementary sections include "Tribal Chronologies," "American Indian Orators," "Documents of History," and "Excerpts from Significant Legal Cases."

Markowitz, Harvey, ed. American Indians. Pasadena, Calif.: Salem Press, 1995.

Paterek, Josephine. Encyclopedia of American Indian Costume. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 1994.

Reddy, Marlita A., ed. Statistical Record of Native North Americans. Detroit: Gale Research, 1993.
The 127 statistical tables in Chapter 1, "History," cover such topics as population, blood status, education, health, and marriage.

Shoemaker, Nancy. "Native American Families." In American Families: A Research Guide and Historical Handbook, edited by Joseph M. Hawes and Elizabeth I. Nybakken. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1991.

Shoemaker, Nancy, ed. Negotiators of Change: Historical Perspectives on Native American Women. New York: Routledge, 1995.

Museums & Historic Sites

Ethnic Heritage: American Indian [online]. [Washington, D.C.]: National Park Service, last updated 28 September 1999 [cited 5 April 2000]. Available from:

National Museum of the American Indian []

Networking Tools: Associations & Discussion Groups

H-AmIndian []

Primary Sources: Archives

Chepesiuk, Ron, and Arnold Shankman, compilers. American Indian Archival Material: A Guide to Holdings in the Southeast. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1982.

New York

Guide to Records Relating to Native Americans [online]. [Albany]: New York State Archives and Records Administration, 1997 [cited 24 March 1999]. Available from:


DeWitt, Donald L., ed. American Indian Resource Materials in the Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma. Norman, Okla.: University of Oklahoma Press, 1990.

Southwell, Kristina. Native American Manuscript Collections [online]. Norman: Western History Collections, University of Oklahoma Libraries, last updated 22 Februrary 1999 [cited 24 March 1999]. Available from:


Alley, Ann. Suggestions for Native American Research (Cherokee) [online]. Nashville: Tennessee State Library and Archives, 1994. Available from:

Washington, D.C.

Hill, Edward E. Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington, D.C.: General Services Administration, 1981.

Native American Resources at the Smithsonian [online]. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, n.d. [cited 24 March 1999]. Available from:

Primary Sources: Digital Collections

American Indians of the Pacific Northwest [LC site] UW site

Anthropology Collection Database [online]. San Francisco: California Academy of Sciences, c2002 [cited 24 July 2002]. Available from:
An on-going project to digitize images of 17,000 objects (e.g., basketry, folk toys, pottery, etc.).

Bureau of Indian Affairs: Photographs and Documents
[NARA's NAIL Database]

California Heritage Collection [online]. Berkeley, Calif.: Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, 1998- . Available from:

Edward S. Curtis's North American Indian Photographic Images [online]. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 2001.
Browse by subject for "Girls" and "Women."

Florida Photographic Collection [online]. Tallahassee: Florida Dept. of State, Division of Library and Information Services, n.d. [cited 5 September 2001]. Available from:
A search for Seminole women retrieves about 300 digital images of photographs.

Image Database [online]. Flagstaff: Special Collections and Archives Department, Cline Library, Northern Arizona University, 1999- [cited 10 March 2002]. Available from:

Indian Peoples of the Northern Great Plains [online]. Bozeman, Mont. : Montana State University, 2000- [cited 22 February 2002]. Available from:
Large database of digital images (mostly photographs). Select "Search Database by Subject," enter women, and limit by tribe (optional).

The Photography Collection [online]. Denver, CO: Denver Public Library, 1995- . Available from:
A search for (woman or women) and indians produced over 2100 records. Use a keyword search because "woman" often only appears in the summary (abstract) section of a record.

Southwestern Native Americans Digital Archive [online]. Los Angeles: Archival Research Center, University of Southern California, n.d. [cited 10 March 2002]. Available from:
1000 images dating from 1890 to 1905.

The Western History Collections Photographic Archives [online]. Norman: University of Oklahoma Libraries, n.d. [cited 31 August 2001]. Available from:
See in particular the Walter Scott Campbell, Cunningham-Prettyman, Annette Ross Hume, and J.A. Shuck photograph collections.

Primary Sources: Microform Collections

See also (below): Primary Sources: Newspapers & Periodicals.

American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington, D.C.: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1984. Revised, 1995. Available online as part of NARA's Microfilm Search. Select Advanced Search, then select American Indians from the Subject Catalog dropdown menu.

Grimshaw, Polly S. Images of the Other: A Guide to Microform Manuscripts on Indian-White Relations. Champaign-Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1991. 174p.

Native American Studies: Introductory Material to UPA Microform Collection Guides [online]. Bethesda, Md.: University Publications of America, n.d. [cited 22 July 1998]. Available from:

Troy, Timothy. "American Indian Materials in Microform: An Overview." Microform Review 16 (Spring 1987): 112-117.

------. "American Indian Materials in Microform - An Update." Microform Review 20 (Summer 1991): 112-116.

Primary Sources: Newspapers & Periodicals

Littlefield, Daniel F., and James W. Parins. American Indian and Alaska Native Newspapers and Periodicals, 1826-1924. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1984.

American Indian periodicals from the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, 1884-1981. Bethesda, Md. : University Publications of America, 1981. 13 microfilm reels.

Some Native American Periodical Titles on Microfilm [online]. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Libraries, n.d. [cited 27 November 2000]. Available from:

Primary Sources: Selected Books

Ranta, Judith A. The Life and Writings of Betsey Chamberlain : Native American Mill Worker. Boston : Northeastern University Press, c2003.

American Women's History: A Research Guide

Ken Middleton
Middle Tennessee State University Library