Anna Mae McCabe Hays becomes the first woman general in the U.S. Army.
See the Hat
worn by Anna Mae McCabe Hays when she became the first woman general in
the U.S. Army, June 11, 1970, part of the Smithsonian's Legacies
Bella Abzug wins election to the U.S. House of Representatives.
The Women of Valor: Bella
Abzug exhibit from Jewish Women's Archive includes a wealth of
biographical information about Abzug, including a section on her Passionate
Disabled in Action, a grassroots disability rights group, is founded by
Judith Heumann in New York City.
Disability Rights and Independent
Living Movement includes transcipts (and
selected audio clips) from oral history interviews with Heumann and
in Action members.
Kent State University Shootings
Shootings: Oral Histories includes 69 oral histories related to the
4 Collection [Kent State University Libraries]
Talk of the Nation (4 May 2005) offers The
Kent State Shootings, 35 Years Later. Writer Philip Caputo returns
to Kent State 35 years after he covered the shootings there. The site also
includes an excerpt from Caputo's book, Thirteen Seconds.
Loretta Lynn's "Coal Miner's Daughter."
Coal Miner's Daughter is part of The NPR
100, National Public Radio's selection of the 100 most important
American musical works of the 20th century.
The audio clip includes an interview with Lynn and short clips from the
Anna Nieto Gomez, in the first issue of the Chicana
newspaper, Hijas de Cuauhtemoc, calls
for the elimination of sexism in Chicano families and in the Chicano
Feminists section of The Virtual Oral/Aural History Archive
State University, Long Beach] includes oral history interviews with
Nieto Gomez, additional activists in Hijas de Cuauhtemoc
(Corinne Sanchez, Leticia Hernandez and Sylvia Castillo), Yolanda Nava,
and Consuelo Nieto. Access note: the audio recordings of these
interviews will not be available until 2006.
New Ground - Reed v. Reed, 404 U.S. 71 (1971) [Supreme Court
The National Women's Political Caucus (NWPC) is founded by Gloria
Steinem, Betty Friedan, and Bella Abzug.
Listen to a brief audio clip from Gloria
Steinem's address to the National Women's Political Caucus [History
The Equal Rights Amendment is passed by the Senate and submitted to the
states for ratification.
Rights Amendment [Florida Memory Project] includes four examples of
constituent letters for and against the ERA.
Shirley Chisholm becomes the first African American woman to run for
'72: Unbought & Unbossed, the companion site to the PBS film, includes
a brief guide to 1972, an excerpt from Chisholm's Unbossed and
Unbought, and the text from Gloria Steinem's 1973 article on the
impact of Chisholm's candidacy.
supporting Shirley Chisholm for president, 1972, part of the
Chisholm's 1972 Presidential Campaign [Jo Freeman]
Title IX of the Education Act Amendments of 1972 bans
discrimination in most federally assisted educational programs.
in Sports includes a concise overview of Title IX, a timeline of Title
IX cases, federal and state legislation, and more.
Title IX: 25 Years of
Progress (U.S. Department of Education, 1997)
Frontiero v. Richardson Supreme Court decision.
Double Standard for Benefits - Frontiero v. Richardson from the
Supreme Court Historical Society.
In Roe v. Wade, the United States Supreme Court rules that women have a
right to abort a fetus during the first trimester of pregnancy.
OYEZ offers an
overview of the case, oral arguments (in Real Audio format), and a link to
the written opinions of the court.
Also see CNN's special report, Roe vs. Wade 25 Years
Listen to Barbara Jordan's Statement
at the U.S. House Judiciary Committee Impeachment Hearings, part of
It Plain: A Century of Great African American Speeches from American
A Tribute to Barbara Jordan and Shirley Chisholm [WGBH Forum
Ella Grasso is elected governor of Connecticut. She becomes the first
woman in the United States to be elected governor without the benefit of a
husband's previous incumbency.
Digital Collections includes a few photographs of Ella Tambussi when
she attended Mount Holyoke, as well as a campaign flyer from 1972.
Ella Giovanna Oliva
(Tambussi) Grasso [Connecticut State Library] offers a biographical
profile and portrait of Grasso.
Lesbian Herstory Archives opens.
Jewish Women and the Feminist
Revolution [Jewish Women's Archive] includes a video clip of Joan
Nestle, co-founder of Lesbian Herstory Archives.
The Jewish women's magazine Lilith is launched.
Weidman Schneider discusses her
experiences as editor of Lilith in a Library of Congress webcast
[video; 47 min.].
Paul Memorial March, Washington, D.C. 1977 [Jo Freeman]
'77, a companion site to the film about the National Women's
Conference in 1977.
The first home pregnancy tests start appearing on drug store shelves.
Blue Line: The History of the Pregnancy Test Kit [Office of NIH
History] includes an overview, a timeline of
pregnancy testing, examples of advertisements, and transcripts of
with medical researchers Judith Vaitukaitis and Glenn Braunstein.
Mariel boatlift results in a wave of immigration from Cuba to Florida.
Mañana Details Cuban 'Exodus' [Weekend Edition, National
includes an interview with Mirta Ojito, and an excerpt from her book,
Finding Mañana: A Memoir of a Cuban Exodus.
Stems from Cuban Boatlift [32 minutes] features Terry Gross' interview
Collaboration between Georgeanna Jones and Howard Jones results in the
first child conceived by in-vitro fertilization in the United States.
Vitro Fertilization Pioneer Jones Dies [All Things Considered, March
Medicine Pioneer Georgeanna Seegar Jones Dies at 92 [Eastern Virginia
First medical reports to describe Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
In Their Own Words
...: NIH Researchers Recall the Early Years of AIDS
[online]. [Bethesda, Md.: National Institutes of Health, 2001]. Available
See the transcripts of interviews with Ms. Barbara Fabian Baird, R.N., and
Christine Grady, R.N., Ph.D.
Sandra Day O'Connor becomes the first woman appointed to the United
O'Connor discusses her book, Lazy B: Growing Up On a
Cattle Ranch in the American Southwest, on Booknotes.
on the Rehnquist and O'Connor Legacies [Princeton; video]. The lengthy
(1 hour, 30 min.) panel discussion of O'Connor's legacy is moderated by
Professor Neil Siegel.
Unveiling of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, designed by Maya Lin.
interview with Maya Lin (2000). Maya Lin's Vietnam
Veterans Memorial proposal is featured on the American Treasures of
the Library of
Barbara McClintock wins the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Papers, part of the National Library of Medicine's Profiles in
Science site, includes correspondence, lecture notes, and numerous
Rita Levi-Montalcini and Stanley Cohen are awarded the Nobel Prize in
Physiology or Medicine for their discoveries of nerve growth factor and
epidermal growth factor.
The Nobel Foundation provides an autobiography
Levi-Montalcini's Nobel lecture, "The Nerve Growth Factor: Thirty-Five
Washington University's Women in Health Sciences online exhibit includes
a biographical profile of
Year in the Life: Beginning the Struggle for Gay and Lesbian Rights in
Albany New York, 1987-88 [online]. Produced by Stephanie
Madnick. Talking History, 29 June 2000. Available
Women of Valor: Gertrude
Elion [online]. Brookline, Mass.: Jewish Women's Archive, n.d. [cited
16 March 2002]. Available from: http://www.jwa.org/exhibits/elion/.
Elion (1918-1999) helped develop treatments for childhood leukemia, the
herpes virus, immunity disorders, arthritis, and other diseases. She
won the Nobel Prize in 1988.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Darlene M. Iskra becomes the first woman to take command of a U.S. Navy
M. Iskra is featured on the Library of Congress site, Experiencing
War: Stories from the Veterans History Project. The site includes a
(video; 62 min.) with Iskra, clips of interview highlights, and five
Hodgson v. Minnesota tests the
constitutionality of Minnesota's abortion notification statute.
an overview of the case, Oral
Arguments (Real Audio), and a link to the written
opinions of the court.
Persian Gulf War
War: Stories from the Veterans History Project includes a video clip
from an interview with Rhonda Cornum, a medical officer
who was held by the Iraqis for seven days, and an audio clip from an
interview with medic Wendy Wamsley Taines.
Voices of Andrew
[University of Miami] is an
online archive of 70 oral history interviews with
people who experienced the hurricane and the subsequent recovery process.
Ruth Bader Ginsburg becomes the second female member of the Supreme
An interview with
Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg [Audio; 59 min.], from Only In
America: Celebrating 350 Years of the American Jewish Experience,
offers a rare personal glimpse into Ginsburg's struggles against gender
discrimination and her judicial philosophy.
Court Nominations - Confirmed [Law Library Reading Room, Library of
Congress] includes floor debates (Senate debate while in Executive
Session), votes, hearing transcripts and Senate statements (statements
made about the nominees outside of Executive Session) concerning Ginsburg
and other Supreme Court Justices.
Against Women Act of 1994
How Do Social
Movements Shape Civil Rights Legislation
for Women? The 1994 Violence Against Women Act [Women and Social
Movements in the United States]
Collection [online]. Seattle, Wash. : University of Washington
Libraries, n.d. [cited 28 November 2004]. Available
In addition to photographs of protesters, this collection also includes
oral histories of women who helped organize protests during the World
Trade Organization (WTO) meeting in Seattle in 1999.
See Susan Watts (New York Daily News) on
Library of Congress program, Capturing
History: Photojournalists and 9/11.
The September 11 Digital
Archive offers a wealth of sources, including stories contributed by
individuals and groups, still images, video, audio, and documents.
Witness and Response: September
11 Acquisitions at the Library of Congress
Adflip.com offers 6,000 print
advertisments published from 1940 to the present. Search by year or browse
Peterson, Kelsy. The Glory
of Woman: Prescriptive Literature in the
Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and Culture
[online]. Durham, NC: Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and
Culture, Duke University, 2003 [cited 21 November 2005]. Available
Researchers can browse this extensive, annotated bibliography by
Statistical Abstract of the United States [online]. Washington,
DC: Government Printing Office, 1879- .
A valuable online tool for locating historical statistics for a given
The U.S. Census Bureau offers census data from
1980, 1990, and 2000.
The Ten O'Clock News
[online]. WGBH Educational Foundation, c2003.
The WGBH Media Archives and Preservation Center has preserved and
described 523 tapes from The Ten O'Clock News, WGBH's in-depth nightly
news program. Dating from 1974 to 1991, this collection focuses on news
stories relating to Boston's African American community.
See the Public Opinion section for
citations to print and electronic sources.
Most academic libraries offer access to
America: History & Life, a commercial database that offers a
for limiting a search for articles and other sources to a specific time
period. If you are searching for articles that cover the 1980s or 1990s,
enter 1980d or 1990d in the "Time Period" row of the advanced
screen. See Searching
America: History & Life by Time Period for an example using another
American Women Through Time
Middle Tennessee State Univ. Library
Murfreesboro, TN 37132