American Women's History: A Research Guide
Slavery
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Biographical Sources

Walther, Eric. Texas Slavery Project [online]. Houston: University of Houston, n.d. [cited 4 August 2002]. Available from: http://www.texasslaveryproject.uh.edu/.
The goal of this project is to recover biographical information for every slave who ever lived in Texas.


Encyclopedias

Miller, Randall M., and John David Smith, eds. Dictionary of Afro-American Slavery. Updated ed. Westport, Conn.: Praeger/Greenwood Press, 1997.
This work includes 300 articles covering broad and specific subjects, a topical bibliography, and a slavery chronology.

Rodriguez, Junius P., ed. The Historical Encyclopedia of World Slavery. 2 vols. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 1997.

Volo, James M., and Dorothy Denneen Volo. Encyclopedia of the Antebellum South. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 2000. 390p.


Historical Overviews

Clinton, Catherine. The Plantation Mistress: Woman's World in the Old South. New York: Pantheon Books, 1982.

Fox-Genovese, Elizabeth. Within the Plantation Household: Black and White Women of the Old South. Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1988.

White, Deborah Gray. Ar'n't I a Woman? : Female Slaves in the Plantation South. New York: Norton, c1985.


Historiography

Morton, Patrica. "Introduction." In Discovering the Women in Slavery: Emancipating Perspectives on the American Past, edited by Patricia Morton. Athens and London: University of Georgia Press, 1996.


Journals

Studies in the World History of Slavery, Abolition, and Emancipation [journal online]. Available from: http://h-net2.msu.edu/~slavery/.


Networking Tools

H-Slavery Discussion Network


Primary Sources: Digital Collections

African-American Women: On-line Archival Collections [online]. Durham, NC: Special Collections Library, Duke University, 1997 [cited 29 November 2001]. Available from: http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/collections/african-american-women.html.
A total of five slave letters from 1837, 1838 and 1857.

Bibliography of Sources on Jefferson and the Hemings Family [online]. Charlottesville: Special Collections Department, Alderman Library, University of Virginia, last modified 4 June 2001 [cited 29 November 2001]. Available from: http://www.lib.virginia.edu/speccol/tj/hemingsbib.html.

Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936-1938 [online]. [Washington, D.C.]: Library of Congress, 2000. Available from: http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/snhtml/snhome.html.

Built in America: Historic American Buildings Survey, Historic American Engineering Record, 1933-Present [online]. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1998- [cited 16 October 2000]. Available from: http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/hhhtml/hhhome.html.
Includes numerous images of slave cabins and quarters. Search by keyword for slave.

Costa, Tom. The Geography of Slavery in Virginia [online]. Charlottesville: Virginia Center for Digital History, University of Virginia, 1999- . Available from: http://www.vcdh.virginia.edu/gos/.
Runaway slave advertisements from 18th century Virginia newspapers. Limiting a search by sex to "female" retrieves 592 hits.

The Dred Scott Case [online]. St. Louis: Washington University, c2000 [cited 29 November 2001]. Available from: http://library.wustl.edu/vlib/dredscott/.
Also see Scott Hauser's article, Law Professor Shines Light on 'Mrs. Dred Scott'.

Harriet Jacobs: Selected Writings and Correspondence [online]. [New Haven, Conn.]: Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition, [2005]. Available from: http://www.yale.edu/glc/harriet/index.htm
This site offers 15 documents, including an advertisement for the capture of Harriet Jacobs (1835), letters from Jacobs, and a contemporary review of Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl.

North American Slave Narratives [online]. Chapel Hill: Academic Affairs Library, University of North Carolina, 1998 [cited 24 May 1999]. Available from: http://metalab.unc.edu/docsouth/neh/neh.html.

Priscilla's Homecoming [online]. [New Haven, Conn.]: Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition, [2005]. Available from: http://www.yale.edu/glc/priscilla/index.htm.
In 1756, 10 year old Priscilla was taken on the slave ship Hare from Sierra Leone to South Carolina.

Race & Slavery Petitions Project [online]. Greensboro: Department of History, The University of North Carolina, 2000- [cited 2 August 2002]. Available from: http://library.uncg.edu/slavery_petitions/.
Samples from Loren Schweninger's massive slave petitions project.

Slaves and the Courts, 1740-1860 [online]. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 2002 [cited 28 May 2002]. Available from: http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/sthtml/sthome.html.
The subject index includes entries for "Crandall, Prudence," "Johnson, Jane," "Reed, Margaret Allison Ross," and "Women slaves--Africa."

Commerical Collections

Hall, Gwendolyn Midlo, ed. Afro-Louisiana History and Genealogy, 1699-1860 [CD-ROM]. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 2000.
This collection of over 100,000 records from civil documents, manuscripts, and published censuses provides valuable source material about the lives of slaves and slaveholders.


Primary Sources: Microform Collections

Race, Slavery, and Free Blacks: Petitions to Southern Legislatures, 1777-1867. Bethesda, Md.: University Publications of America, 1998.

Records of the Ante-Bellum Southern Plantations from the Revolution through the Civil War. Frederick, Md.: University Publications of America, 1985- .

Southern Women and Their Families in the 19th Century: Papers and Diaries. Bethesda, Md.: University Publications of America, 1991- .


Primary Sources: Selected Books

Schweninger, Loren, ed. The Southern Debate over Slavery. Volume 1: Petitions to Southern Legislatures, 1778-1864. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2001.
This volume provides transcriptions of 160 petitions concerning slavery.


Talking About Women's History

Clinton, Catherine. Catherine Clinton on Women, Slavery, the South, and the Civil War [Interview online]. Interviewed by Amy Murrell Taylor. Talking History, 14 April 2005. Available from: http://www.albany.edu/talkinghistory/arch2005jan-june.html. Time: 33:00.

------. Fanny Kemble [Interview online]. Talking History, 22 March 2004. Available from: http://talkinghistory.oah.org/arch2004.html#Anchor-Fann-10515.

Gates, Henry Louis. The Bondwoman's Narrative [Interview online]. Interviewed by Gwen Ifill. NewsHour, 23 July 2002. Available from: http://www.pbs.org/newshour/conversation/july-dec02/gates_7-23.html.

Gordon-Reed, Annette. Law, Race, and Slavery in American History: An Interview with Annette Gordon-Reed [Interview online]. Interviewed by Richard Hamm. Talking History, 24 April 2003. Available from: http://www.albany.edu/talkinghistory/arch2003jan-june.html.

Schweninger, Loren. Slave Petitions [Interview Online]. Interviewed by Bryan Le Beau. Talking History, 15 October 2001. Available from: http://talkinghistory.oah.org/arch2001.html.
Schweninger discusses his book, The Southern Debate Over Slavery: Petitions to Southern Legislatures, 1777-1864.



American Women's History: A Research Guide
Ken Middleton kmiddlet@frank.mtsu.edu
Middle Tennessee State University Library