LaPlante, Eva. American
Jezebel [Interview online]. Interviewed by Dick
Gordon. The Connection. National Public Radio, 19 March 2004. Available
LaPlante is the author of American Jezebel: The Uncommon Life of Anne
Hutchinson, the Woman Who Defeated the Puritans (Harper, 2004).
Norton, Mary Beth. Sex,
Religion, and Society in Early America; or, a 17th-Century Maryland
Menage a Trois and its Consequences
[lecture online]. Talking History, 14 September 2000. Available
Salem witch trials.
Norton, Mary Beth. Salem
Witch Trials [Interview online]. Interviewed by
Eileen Dugan. Talking History, October 2002. Available
Reis, Elizabeth. Women
and Witchcraft in Colonial Salem,
Massachusetts. Interviewed by Bryan Le Beau, Talking History, 29
October 1998. Available from: http://talkinghistory.oah.org/arch1998.html.
Phillis Wheatley becomes the first African American to publish a
book: Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral.
The Massachusetts Historical Society's From
Our Cabinet feature includes images of the title page and
frontpiece of the book, as well as a poem in Wheatley's hand.
Abigail Adams' "Remember the Ladies" letter to John Adams, 31 March 1776.
Manuscripts: Remember the Ladies from the Massachusetts Historical
soldier in disguise [Massachusetts Historical Society]
Deborah Sampson enlisted in the Continental Army under the name "Robert
Shurtliff." This site reproduces a letter by Paul Revere in support of a
military pension for Deborah Sampson Gannett.
Martha Ballard begins her diary on January 1, 1785.
See Martha Ballard's Diary
Angelina Grimke's Appeal to the Christian Women of the South
(1836) is available as part of the Samuel J. May
Anti-Slavery Collection [Cornell University Llibrary].
Godey's Lady's Book begins under editor Sarah Buell Hale.
Mary Lyon (1797-1849) founds Mount Holyoke Female Seminary in
See the Mary Lyon
Collection, part of the Five College Archives Digital Access Project.
Oberlin College becomes the first coeducational collegiate institution
in the United States.
Ohio Memory includes
Oberlin student Betsy Mix Cowles' letters from wrote the 1830s.
Dubois, Ellen. The
150th Anniversary of the Women's Rights Convention at
Seneca Falls: A Talk with Ellen Dubois [online]. Talking History, 13
July 1998. Available from: http://talkinghistory.oah.org/arch1998.html.
Elizabeth Blackwell becomes the first woman to receive the
M.D. degree. See Elizabeth
Blackwell: That Girl There Is Doctor in Medicine, an online exhibit
from the National Library of Medicine, for Blackwell's class notes, her
brother's account of the graduation, and additional sources that document
The Female Medical College of Pennsylvania opens.
Hedrick, Joan. Uncle Tom's Cabin
[Interview online]. Talking History, 25 February 2002. Available
Hedrick won the Pulitzer Prize for Harriet Beecher
Stowe: A Life (Oxford University Press, 1994).
in Action: Analyze Abolitionist Speeches [online]. In History
Matters. Fairfax, VA: Center for History and New Media; New York
: American Social History Project/Center for Media and Learning, 1998-
[cited 24 March 2005]. Available
Historian Carla Peterson interprets speeches by Sojourner Truth (1852) and
Frances Watkins Harper (1857).
Hornbek and the Homestead Act: A Colorado Success Story from the
National Park Service.
Julia Ward Howe writes the "Battle Hymn of the Republic."
See Battle hymn of the
Republic from the America Singing: Nineteenth-Century Song Sheets
The Great Chicago Fire and the
Web of Memory [online]. [Chicago, Ill.]: Chicago Historical Society
and the Trustees of Northwestern University, 1996. Available from:
The "Web of Memory" section includes eyewitness
recollections of the 1871 fire by nine women.
Victoria Woodhull testifies before Congress...
with Barbara Goldsmith, author of Other Powers: The Age of
Suffrage, Spiritualism, and the Scandalous Victoria Woodhull [Fresh
Air, National Public Radio, March 11, 1999].
A political cartoon
of Woodhull appears in Ohio Memory
Emma Spaulding Bryant
Letters: An Online Archival Collection [online]. Durham, N.C.: Duke
Libraries. Available from: http://scriptorium.lib.duke.edu/bryant/.
The Woman's Christian Temperance Union is founded.
See Ohio Memory for numerous
sources that document the temperance movement, including the "Women's
Temperance Convention Address and Plan of Work" that was written by Martha
McClellan Brown for the 1874 convention.
the Sioux: Fieldwork Diary of Alice Cunningham Fletcher
[online]. Washington, DC: National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian
Institution, 2001. Available
Fletcher's account of her six-week venture into Plains Indian territory in
1881. The site also includes an overview of Fletcher's life, a photo
gallery, and the text of the folktales that she recorded in her diary.
The American Red Cross is founded by Clara Barton. The Clara Barton National Historic
Site provides photographs of Barton, a small collection of primary
source documents, and a chronology.
The The Association of Collegiate Alumnae, forbearer of The American
Association of University Women (AAUW), is formally organized.
The AAUW's Online
Museum offers a timeline with images of photographs and documents.
The Chinese Exclusion Act is passed.
Emma Lazarus writes "The New Colossus." In 1903, this sonnet would be
engraved on a
plaque and placed in the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty.
The Women of
Valor Exhibit offers an excellent overview of Lazarus' life, including
a section on The New
Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr found Hull House in Chicago.
Experience in Chicago: Hull-House and Its Neighborhoods, 1889-1963
[online]. Chicago: Jane Addams Hull-House Museum and the College of
Architecture and the Arts, the University of Illinois at Chicago,
n.d. [cited 14 February 2003]. Available
Nellie Bly travels around the world in 72 days.
See Around the World in 72
Days, the companion web site to the American Experience film.
La Flesche Picotte becomes the first Native American woman medical
National Woman's Suffrage Association Founded
General Federation of Women's Clubs Founded
Ellis Island opens on January 1. Fifteen year old Annie Moore is the first
immigrant to pass through Ellis Island. The Famous
Island Passenger Arrivals.
Lillian Wald opens the Henry Street Settlement in New York City.
See Wald is featured
in the Jewish Women's Archive online exhibit "Women of Valor."
Plessy v. Ferguson
See Mercedes Graf's article, Band
of Angels: Sister Nurses in the Spanish-American War, Part 1.
Sisters' Photographs [online]. In The 1904 World's Fair: Looking
Back and Looking Forward. St. Louis: Missouri Historical Society, 2004
[cited 26 September 2004]. Available
Train [online]. Interviewed by Fred Nielsen. Talking
History, 8 October 2001. Available
Gordon discusses her book The Great Arizona Orphan Abduction, in which
Mexican-Anglo relations play a central role.
Ida Tarbell's The History of the Standard Oil Company.
See Ida Tarbell Home Page.
discusses the life of Madame C. J. Walker.
Harriot Stanton Blatch and the Equality League of Self-Supporting
Terry Gross interviews Ellen
Dubois, author of Harriot Stanton Blatch and the Winning of
Woman Suffrage, on Fresh Air [11 March
v. Oregon (Supreme Court upholds maximum hour law), February 24, 1908
garment workers' strike, Sep. 22 1910 - Feb. 18 1911 from the
Women Working collection.
The Triangle Factory
Fire, March 25, 1911 [online]. Ithaca, N.Y.: Kheel
Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, 1998- . Available
The "Sources" section includes documents, photographs and illustrations,
and audio files of oral histories.
Juliette Gordon Low (1860-1927) founded the Girl Scouts of America. A
of Low appears in the New Georgia Encyclopedia.
U.S. Children's Bureau is formally created.
View Kriste Lindenmeyer's presentation on the role of women in formation
and work of the Children's Bureau in
Resourceful Women: Researching and Interpreting American Women's
History [online]. A Library of Congress Symposium, June 19-20, 2003.
Mary Harris "Mother" Jones is arrested after leading protest of conditions
in West Virginia mines.
[online]. Talking History, 2 September 2002. Available
Ludlow Massacre (April 14)
See The Ludlow
Massacre: Images from the Western History Collection, Denver Public
Margaret Sanger publishes the first issue of The Woman
Margaret Sanger and The Woman
Rebel [Model Editions Partnership].
Elsie De Wolfe's The House in Good Taste is published. The
House in Good Taste is part of the University of Wisconsin's Digital
Library for the Decorative Arts and Material Culture.
Inez Miholland dies.
Lumsden, Linda. Linda
Lumsden on the Life and Times of Inez Milholland
[online]. Talking History, 26 August 2004. Available
Jeannette Rankin of Montana becomes the first American woman elected to
the United States Congress. See Jeannette
Rankin: Activist for World Peace, Women's Rights, and Democratic
Government [Suffragists Oral History Project, UC Berkeley, Regional
Oral History Office].
Segment 2: From the Archives: "Ernestine Hara Kettler Recalling Her
Imprisonment after the National Woman's Party March on Washington of 1917
(Recorded 1-29-1973)." [online]. Talking History, August 26,
Remember When: What Became of the Influenza Pandemic of 1918." (The
Influenza Epidemic of 1918 in Philadelphia) [online]. Talking History,
24 March 2005. Available
Originally broadcast on WUHY-FM in Philadelphia on 18 January 1983.
Several women and men recall the epidemic in this segment.
Women's International League for Peace and Freedom is organized.
International League for Peace and Freedom
[online]. Swarthmore, PA: Swarthmore College Peace Collection, 2000 [cited
3 April 2002]. Available
This exhibit includes 100 photographs from 1915-1999.
The 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution passes.
TriCollege Digital Library [online]. [Haverford, PA : Haverford
College Special Collections, 2002- ]. Available
Digital collections from Bryn Mawr College Special Collections, Friends
Historical Library of Swarthmore College, Swarthmore College Peace
Collection, and Haverford College Special Collections. See the
Suffragist Images Collection.
Florence Sabin becomes the first female member of the National Academy of
The National Library of Medicine offers documents from The Florence R. Sabin Papers as
part of its Profiles in Science site.
Mary Breckinridge organizes Frontier Nursing Service to provide health
care to remote areas of Eastern Kentucky. See Frontier
Nursing Service Oral History Project for transcriptions of interviews.
Margaret Mead publishes Coming of Age in Samoa.
Margaret Mead Symposium
[Library of Congress]
[online]. Interviewed by Rebecca Bain. The Fine Print. Nashville Public
Radio, July 6 & 7, 2002. Available
Jessen is the author of The Powder Puff Derby of 1929: The True
Story of the First Women's Cross-Country Air Race.
Amelia Earhart's solo Atlantic flight.
See: The George Palmer Putnam
Collection of Amelia Earhart Papers [online]. W. Lafayette: Purdue
University Libraries, [2002- ]. Available
The National Council of Negro Women is founded by Mary McLeod Bethune.
Dorothea Lange most famous photograph, "Migrant Mother." See The
Power of Dorothea Lange's Pictures [Library of Congress]
Billie Holiday first sang "Strange Fruit," a song about lynching in the
South, at a New York Club in 1938.
See: Margolick, David. Billie Holiday-Strange Fruit
[Interview online]. Talking
History, 4 February 2002. Available
Hendry, Donna. Billie
Holiday's Strange Fruit: Using Music to Send a Message [online].
Strike [The Handbook of Texas Online]
Marian Anderson's Lincoln Memorial concert drew an audience of 75,000. The
Anderson Collection of Photographs, 1898-1992 [University of
Pennsylvania Library] includes more than 20
photographs from this event.
Doughnuts and a Witty Line of Chatter: The Photos and Letters of Helen
Stevenson Meyner in Japan and Korea, 1950-1952 [online]. Easton,
Penn.: Lafayette College Special Collections and College Archives, updated
18 August 2000 [cited 3 June 2002]. Available from:
Includes over twenty photographs and short excerpts from Meyner's letters
to her family.
Senator Margaret Chase Smith's Declaration
of Conscience speech [Margaret Chase Smith Library]
in Civil Rights:
Dorothy E. Davis, et al. versus
County School Board of Prince Edward County, Virginia [Digital
Classroom, National Archives]
Apgar - Newborn Baby Evaluation [They Made America - PBS]
Brown v. Board of Education
See the Library of Congress online exhibit "With an Even Hand": Brown
v. Brown at Fifty.
Parks Is Arrested for Civil Disobedience [Library of Congress]
Autherine Lucy enrolls at the University of Alabama after more than three
years of court action.
3: "From the Archives: Autherine Lucy and Thurgood Marshall Press
Conference, January 1956." [Talking History, 13 January 2005]
See also: Autherine
Lucy and the University of Alabama [Library of Congress].
The first African American students were to be admitted to Central High
School in Little Rock, Arkansas.
See Arkansas History Commission
Photographs includes photographs of Elizabeth Eckford and other key
figures (e.g., Daisy Bates). Search for Central High School.
The drug company G.D. Searle receives FDA approval to sell "the pill."
Experience: The Pill [PBS] for a program transcript, timeline,
interviews with women, and much more.
Ackmann, Martha. 'The
Mercury 13': Training U.S. Women for Space
[Interview online]. Interviewed by Melissa Block. All Things Considered,
National Public Radio, 17 June 2003. Available
from: http://discover.npr.org/features/feature.jhtml?wfId=1301400. [8:19]
President John F. Kennedy establishes the President's Commission on
the Status of Women.
the Archives: Vice-President Lyndon Baines Johnson Addresses the
President's Commission on the Status of Women (1962) [Talking History,
27 January 2005]
National Farm Workers Association is formed.
Unsung of Civil Rights, a brief National Public Radio report on
Rachel Carson's Silent Spring is published.
Lear, Linda J. [Interview]
[online]. Interviewed by Dennis
Mihelick. Talking History, 15 April 1999. Available
Lear, author of Rachel Carson: Witness for Nature, talks about Carson's
life and work.
Horowitz, Daniel. Betty
Friedan and the Making of The Feminine Mystique
[Interview online]. Interviewed by Lisa Kannenberg. Talking History, 9
December 1999. Available
Julia Child's public television program The French Chef began
on Boston's WGBH.
See Julia Child's
Kitchen at the Smithsonian.
Civil Rights Act
Blewen, John. Oh
Freedom Over Me [online]. Saint Paul, MN: Minnesota
Public Radio, 2000 [cited 18 June 2002]. Available
Listen to this engaging program about Freedom Summer. Topics include
activist strategies, freedom songs, and Fannie Lou Hamer. The site also
includes transcripts of selected interviews and a slideshow of
See Wednesdays in Mississippi: Civil
Rights as Women's Work
Voting Rights Act
A Visual Journey:
Photographs by Lisa Law
Black Women at Virginia Tech
Oral History Project
[online]. Blacksburg: Virginia Tech University Libraries, updated 1
September 1999 [cited 15 November 2000]. Available
National Organization for Women is established.
The Whole World Was
Watching: An Oral History of 1968
[online]. Providence, RI: Scholarly Technology Group, Brown University,
[1998- ]. Available from: http://www.stg.brown.edu/projects/1968/.
Most of the interviewees at least touch upon civil rights. Naomi Craig, an
African American, discusses race relations and the assassination of Martin
A Few Good Women: Advancing
the Cause for Women in the U.S. Government, 1969-1974
[online]. University Park: University Libraries, The Pennsylvania State
University, 2003- [cited 11 March 2005]. Available
Collection [Kent State University Libraries]
New Ground - Reed v. Reed, 404 U.S. 71 (1971) [Supreme Court
Chisholm's 1972 Presidential Campaign [Jo Freeman]
Listen to Barbara Jordan's Statement
at the U.S. House Judiciary Committee Impeachment Hearings, part of
It Plain: A Century of Great African American Speeches from American
See Sisters of
'77, a companion site to the film about the National Women's
Conference in 1977.
First medical reports to describe Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
In Their Own Words
...: NIH Researchers Recall the Early Years of AIDS
[online]. [Bethesda, Md.: National Institutes of Health, 2001]. Available
See the transcripts of interviews with Ms. Barbara Fabian Baird, R.N., and
Christine Grady, R.N., Ph.D.
Sandra Day O'Connor becomes the first woman appointed to the United
Supreme Court. O'Connor discusses her book, Lazy B: Growing Up On a
Cattle Ranch in the American Southwest, on Booknotes.
Barbara McClintock wins the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
See The Barbara
Papers [online]. Profiles in Science. Bethesda, Md.: U.S. National
Library of Medicine, 2001 [cited 7 November 2001]. Available
McClintock (1902-1992) won the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physiology or
Medicine. This site includes correspondence, lecture notes, and numerous
Year in the Life: Beginning the Struggle for Gay and Lesbian Rights in
Albany New York, 1987-88 [online]. Produced by Stephanie
Madnick. Talking History, 29 June 2000. Available
Women of Valor: Gertrude
Elion [online]. Brookline, Mass.: Jewish Women's Archive, n.d. [cited
16 March 2002]. Available from: http://www.jwa.org/exhibits/elion/.
Elion (1918-1999) helped develop treatments for childhood leukemia, the
herpes virus, immunity disorders, arthritis, and other diseases. She
won the Nobel Prize in 1988.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Violence Against Women Act of 1994
Dublin, Thomas, and Kathryn Kish Sklar. Women and Social Movements in
the United States, 1830-1930 [online]. 1997- [cited 4 May 2001].
Available from: http://womhist.binghamton.edu.
This collection of primary source documents is organized around numerous
topical areas. Each editorial project also
includes an introduction and an annotated
bibliography. The following section includes material about violence
Collection [online]. Seattle, Wash. : University of Washington
Libraries, n.d. [cited 28 November 2004]. Available
In addition to photographs of protesters, this collection also includes
oral histories of women who helped organize protests during the World
Trade Organization (WTO) meeting in Seattle in 1999.