The mind can absorb only a certain amount of new material
at a time. You can't learn everything about everything. The solution, then,
is to be selective. Choose what's important. Learn the important things
and then build on that knowledge (basic background).
Here are some tips in choosing what's important.
Look for clues when reading a textbook assignment. Use a
survey method before you begin. Look at headings, graphics, and bold print.
Study the summary and review questions before and after you
During a lecture, listen for verbal clues such as emphasis
and repetition. Pay attention to non-verbal clues such as the lecturer's
body language and information written on the board or given as handouts.
Making flash cards for imformation
you need to learn is an excellent way to employ this principle.
Make yourself the test maker. Constantly ask yourself,"If
I were giving a test on this material, what would I ask?"
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