Langston, Advanced Cognitive Psychology, Notes 3 -- Attention
 
Attention is the magic that underlies a lot of cognitive psychology theorizing. A quick search of "attention" in the PsycInfo database will result in a lot of hits (over 100,000), but not a lot of definition of what attention is. Textbooks aren't much help. They're required to provide a definition, but the connection between that and research is somewhat tentative. We are going to cheat and think about attention as what it does. Here's a list of for-instances generated mostly top-of-mind, but aided by a quick scan of search results from some selected journals:
We're going to sample some of these phenomena with a set of applied readings. As with perception, our goal is to think about how the application of a little basic attention information can help understand problems.
  1. Kunar, M. A., Carter, R., Cohen, M., & Horowitz, T. S. (2008). Telephone conversation impairs sustained visual attention via a central bottleneck. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 15, 1135-1140. http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/PBR.15.6.1135
  2. Sanbonmatsu, D. M., Strayer, D. L., Biondi, F., Behrends, A. A., & Moore, S. M. (2016). Cell-phone use diminishes self-awareness of impaired driving. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 23, 617-623. http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/s13423-015-0922-4
  3. Chen, H., & Wyble, B. (2015). Amnesia for object attributes: Failure to report attended information that had just reached conscious awareness. Psychological Science, 26, 203-210. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797614560648
  4. Castelhano, M. S., & Witherspoon, R. L. (2016). How you use it matters: Object function guides attention during visual search in scenes. Psychological Science, 27, 606-621. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797616629130
  5. Augustinova, M., & Ferrand, L. (2014). Automaticity of word reading: Evidence from the semantic stroop paradigm. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23, 343-348. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0963721414540169
  6. Besner, D., Risko, E. F., Stolz, J. A., White, D., Reynolds, M., O'Malley, S., & Robidouz, S. (2016). Varieties of attention: Their roles in visual word identification. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 25, 162-168. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0963721416639351

Advanced Cognitive Psychology Notes 3
Will Langston

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