Langston, Advanced Cognitive Psychology, Notes
4 -- Working memory
Once information enters the system, it is processed in working (née
short term) memory. We'll consider the properties of that
system. Basically, you have two things: Storage and processing.
Working memory ability is highly correlated with important measures
of intelligence and cognition. So, we'll consider recent efforts to
expand this capacity (particularly on what, if anything, can be
achieved), and then look at how variables that affect working memory
can have implications for higher-order cognition tasks.
- What is working memory? Vandierendonck, A. (2016). A working
memory system with distributed executive control. Perspectives
on Psychological Science, 11, 74-100. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1745691615596790
- Yet another box: Wu, Y. C., & Coulson, S. (2015). Iconic
gestures facilitate discourse comprehension in individuals with
superior immediate memory for body configurations. Psychological
Science, 26, 1717-1727. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797615597671
- Links between working memory and intelligence: Shipstead, Z.,
Harrison, T. L., & Engle, R. W. (2016). Working memory
capacity and fluid intelligence: Maintenance and disengagement.
Perspectives on Psychological Science, 11, 771-799. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1745691616650647
- Can it be improved with training? (Note how this question and
the answer to it depend on the structure of WM.) Melby-Lervag,
M., Redick, T. S., & Hulme, C. (2016). Working memory
training does not improve performance on measures of
intelligence or other measures of "far transfer": Evidence from
a meta-analytic review. Perspectives on Psychological
Science, 11, 512-534. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1745691616635612
Does it help to play a lot of video games? Unsworth, N.,
Redick, T. S., McMillan, B. D., Hambrick, D. Z., Kane, M. J.,
& Engle, R. W. (2015). Is playing video games related to
cognitive abilities? Psychological Science, 26, 759-774.
And application of working memory to a real-life skills.
- Want the full review, including a comparison of marketing
claims to data? (Note: This is not assigned as reading for the
class) Simons, D. J., Boot, W. R., Charness, N., Gathercole,
S. E., Chabris, C. F., Hambrick, D. Z., & Stine-Morrow, E.
A. L. (2016). Do "brain-training" programs work? Psychological
Science in the Public Interest, 17, 103-186. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1529100616661983
- Ashcraft, M. H., & Krause, J. A. (2007). Working memory,
math performance, and math anxiety. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14,
Psychology Notes 4
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