Langston, Advanced Cognitive Psychology, Notes 4 -- Working memory
 
Once information enters the system, it is processed in working (née short term) memory.  We'll consider the properties of that system. Basically, you have two things: Storage and processing. Working memory ability is highly correlated with important measures of intelligence and cognition. So, we'll consider recent efforts to expand this capacity (particularly on what, if anything, can be achieved), and then look at how variables that affect working memory can have implications for higher-order cognition tasks.
  1. What is working memory? Vandierendonck, A. (2016). A working memory system with distributed executive control. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 11, 74-100. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1745691615596790
  2. Yet another box: Wu, Y. C., & Coulson, S. (2015). Iconic gestures facilitate discourse comprehension in individuals with superior immediate memory for body configurations. Psychological Science, 26, 1717-1727. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797615597671
  3. Links between working memory and intelligence: Shipstead, Z., Harrison, T. L., & Engle, R. W. (2016). Working memory capacity and fluid intelligence: Maintenance and disengagement. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 11, 771-799. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1745691616650647
  4. Can it be improved with training? (Note how this question and the answer to it depend on the structure of WM.) Melby-Lervag, M., Redick, T. S., & Hulme, C. (2016). Working memory training does not improve performance on measures of intelligence or other measures of "far transfer": Evidence from a meta-analytic review. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 11, 512-534. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1745691616635612
  5. Does it help to play a lot of video games? Unsworth, N., Redick, T. S., McMillan, B. D., Hambrick, D. Z., Kane, M. J., & Engle, R. W. (2015). Is playing video games related to cognitive abilities? Psychological Science, 26, 759-774. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0956797615570367
And application of working memory to a real-life skills.
  1. Ashcraft, M. H., & Krause, J. A. (2007). Working memory, math performance, and math anxiety. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14, 243-248. http://dx.doi.org/10.3758/BF03194059

Advanced Cognitive Psychology Notes 4
Will Langston

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