American Women's History: A Research Guide
Arab American Women
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Orfalea, Gregory. "On Arab Americans: A Bibliographical Essay." American Studies International 27 (October 1989): 26-41.

Encyclopedias/Historical Overviews

Abraham, Nabeel. "Arab Americans." In Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America, edited by Judy Galens, Anna Sheets, and Robyn V. Young. Vol 1. Detroit: Gale, 1995.

Naff, Alixa. "Arabs." In Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups, edited by Stephan Thernstrom. Cambridge, Mass.: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1980.

Shakir, Evelyn. Bint Arab: Arab and Arab American Women in the United States. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 1997.

Networking Tools

ACCESS: Arab Community Center for Economic and Social Services []

Association of Arab-American University Graduates []

Arab American Institute []

Primary Sources: Archival Collections

A Guide to Manuscript and Microfilm Collections of the Research Library of the Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies [online]. Philadelphia: The Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies, n.d. [cited 13 July 2000]. Available from: See "Lebanese."

The Faris and Yamna Naff Family Arab American Collection. Archives Center, National Museum of History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
See the article about Alixa Naff, the historian who donated the collection to the museum.

Moody, Suzanna, and Joel Wurl, comps. and eds. "Near Eastern American Collection." In The Immigration History Research Center: A Guide to Collections. Bibliographies and Indexes in American History, no. 20. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1991.
Includes descriptions of eighteen manuscript collections, a short bibliographic essay on important monographs, and listings of newspapers and serials held.

Primary Sources: Digital Collections

Photo Database & Virtual Gallery [online]. Los Angeles: Los Angeles Public Library, n.d. [cited 18 March 2002]. Available from:
Search tip: Use the general Arab Americans as a search term. Records for a number of photos that include Arab American women do not use "Arab American Women" as a subject heading.

American Women's History: A Research Guide

Ken Middleton
Middle Tennessee State Univ. Library
Murfreesboro, TN 37132