American Women's History: A Research Guide
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Chiarmonte, Paula, ed. Women Artists in the United States: A Selective Bibliography and Resource Guide on the Fine and Decorative Arts, 1750-1986. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1990.

Biographical Sources

Heller, Jules, and Nancy G. Heller, eds. North American Women Artists of the Twentieth Century: A Biographical Dictionary. Hamden, Conn.: Garland, 1995.
The biographical profiles of more than 1,500 women in this work range in length from a paragraph to a page. Most entries include a bibliography and list museums that hold work by the artist.

Kovinick, Phil, and Marian Yoshiki-Kovinick. An Encyclopedia of Women Artists of the American West. Austin: University of Texas Press, c1998.

Petteys, Chris. Dictionary of Women Artists: An International Dictionary of Women Artists Born Before 1900. Boston, Mass.: G.K. Hall, c1985.

Primary Sources: Archival Collections

Artists, Architects, and Filmmakers: Selected Primary Sources in the Sophia Smith Collection and College Archives [online]. [Northampton, Mass.]: Sophia Smith Collection, Smith College, updated 4 November 2004. Available from:

The National Museum of Women in the Arts []

Selected Subject List for Iowa Women's Archives [online]. Iowa City: Iowa Women's Archives, University of Iowa Libraries, January 1997 [cited 14 June 2000]. Available from:
See "Artists" and "Artists, visual."

Women's History Sources: A Guide to Manuscripts and Archival Collections [online]. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Libraries, 2001 [cited 4 October 2003]. Available from: See various headings (art, artists, arts organizations) in the Index of Subjects and Titles.

Primary Sources: Digital Collections

Online Archive of California [online]. The Regents of the University of California, 1999- [cited 21 May 2002]. Available from:
Includes digital images of art that Hisako Hibi and Estelle Ishigo completed while at relocation centers during World War II. The site also includes works by Theresa Hak Kyung Cha (1951-1982).

Peggy Bacon Papers Online [online]. Washington, DC: Archives of American Art, 2006. Available from:

Quick Reference to Oral History Interviews [online]. Washington, D.C.: Archives of American Art, 4 April 2000 [cited 11 October 2000]. Available from:
Includes links to online transcripts of interviews of about 30 women artists.

Theresa Pollak [online]. [Richmond]: Special Collections and Archives, Virginia Commonwealth University Libraries, 2001 [cited 9 September 2001]. Available from:
Features an oral history transcript, samples of Pollak's paintings and drawings, and additional information sources.

Women Artists of the WPA Collection [online]. Cleveland: Case Western Reserve University, 2004. Available from:

American Women's History: A Research Guide

Ken Middleton
Middle Tennessee State Univ. Library
Murfreesboro, TN 37132