American Women's History: A Research Guide
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Kwolek-Folland, Angel. "Bibliographic Essay." In Incorporating Women: A History of Women and Business in the United States. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1998.

Biographical Sources

See the general Biographical Sources section for additional information sources.

Hamilton, Neil A. American Business Leaders: From Colonial Times to the Present. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 1999.

Ingham, John N. Biographical Dictionary of American Business Leaders. 4 vols. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1983.

Leavitt, Judith A. American Women Managers and Administrators: A Selective Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Leaders in Business, Education, and Government. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1985.
See the appendix for coverage of "Founders," "Presidents - Business," and "Vice Presidents of Major Corporations."

Networking Tools: Associations/Discussion Lists

Business History Conference []

H-Business []


Robinson, Richard, comp. United States Business History, 1602-1988: A Chronology. Garland Reference Library of Social Science. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1990.

Historical Overviews

Kwolek-Folland, Angel. Incorporating Women: A History of Women and Business in the United States. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1998.
Reviewed for H-Business by Mary A. Yeager:

Primary Sources: Archival Collections

See the general Archival Collections section for additional information sources.


Fischer, Amy, and Liz Holum Johnson, eds. Directory of Corporate Archives in the United States and Canada [online]. The Society of American Archivists, 1997- [cited 20 February 1999]. Available from:

Specific Archives

Catanese, Lynn Ann. Women's History: A Guide to Sources at Hagley Museum and Library. Greenwood Press, 1997.
Includes descriptions of the papers of milliners, inventors, shopkeepers, and other entrepreneurs.

Selected Subject List for Iowa Women's Archives [online]. Iowa City: Iowa Women's Archives, University of Iowa Libraries, January 1997 [cited 14 June 2000]. Available from:
Select "Business."

Unheard Voices: American Women in the Emerging Industrial and Business Age [online]. Cambridge: Baker Library, Harvard Business School, 2001.
The "Women in Business" section [under "Collections"] describes collections that document women as entrepreneurs, business managers, and landowners.

Women in Business [online]. In Selected Business History Sources in the Southern Historical Collection. Chapel Hill: Manuscripts Department, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina, updated January 1999 [cited 31 March 2000]. Available from:

Primary Sources: Digital Collections

Women of Valor: Beatrice Alexander [online]. Brookline, Mass.: Jewish Women's Archive, n.d. [cited 16 March 2002]. Available from:
Alexander (1895-1990) started the Alexander Doll Company in 1923.

Statistical Sources

U.S. Census Bureau. Minority- & Women-Owned Business Enterprises--1992 [online]. Last revised February 1999 [cited 26 August 1999]. Available from:

Talking About Women's History

Drachman, Virginia. Enterprising Women: The Business Women of America, 1750-2000 [Interview online]. In Straight from the Source. Cambridge, Mass.: Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, n.d. [cited 1 November 2002]. Available from:

Lewis, Susan. Susan Lewis on Businesswomen in Albany, New York, 1830-1885 [Interview online]. Talking History, 3 April 2003. Available from:

American Women's History: A Research Guide

Ken Middleton
Middle Tennessee State Univ. Library
Murfreesboro, TN 37132