American Women's History: A Research Guide
Communal Societies
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Please note that this section is in the initial stages of development.


Dare, Philip N. American Communes to 1860: Bibliography. New York: Garland Pub., 1990. 203p.

Goodin, John, comp. Communal Studies Bibliography [online]. 2000 [cited 29 May 2001]. Available from:

Miller, Timothy. American Communes, 1860-1960: A Bibliography. New York: Garland, 1990. 583p.


Fogarty, Robert S. Dictionary of American Communal and Utopian History. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1980. 271p.

Trahair, Richard C.S. Utopias and Utopians: A Historical Dictionary. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1999. 480p.

Historical Overviews & Edited Colllections of Essays

Chmielewski, Wendy E., Louis J. Kern, and Marylyn Klee-Harzell, eds. Women in Spiritual and Communitarian Societies in the United States. Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press, 1993. 275p.
Includes articles about Brook Farm, Catholic sisterhoods, The Farm (Tennessee), Oneida Community, Owenite communities, Shakers, Sojourner Truth, and the Woman's Commonwealth.

Journals in the Field

Communal Societies

Preserving America's Utopian Dream [online]. CRM Online. 24, no. 9 (2001). This issue includes articles about Brook Farm, Rugby, New Harmony, Oneida, and other communities.

Utopian Studies []

Networking with People

Center for Communal Studies, University of Southern Indiana []

Communal Studies Association []

H-Communal Societies []

Society for Utopian Studies []

Primary Sources: Archival Collections

Primary Sources: Digital Collections

Dublin, Thomas, and Kathryn Kish Sklar. Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1830-1930 [online]. 1997- [cited 4 May 2001]. Available from:
This collection of primary source documents is organized around numerous topical areas. Each of these different sections includes an introduction to provide context, and an annotated bibliography. Select "Projects," then "Bible Communism and Women of the Oneida Community, 1848-1879."

The Oneida Community Collection in the Syracuse University Library [online]. Syracuse, N.Y.:Dept. of Special Collections, [Syracuse University Library, 1999- .

Primary Sources: Microform Collections

The Brook Farm Papers, 1842-1861. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society, 1978. 1 microfilm reel.
Reviewed by Thomas A. Bourke in Microform Review 16 (Winter 1987): 61-62.
Includes approximately 150 letters written by Marianne Dwight while she was a resident at Brook Farm.

Hopedale Community Books, Pamphlets, Serials, and Manuscripts, 1821-1938. Glen Rock, N.J. : Microfilming Corporation of America, 1976. 6 microfilm reels.

The Shaker Collection of the Western Reserve Historical Society. [Glen Rock, N.J.]: Microfilming Corporation of America, 1977.

Primary Sources: Selected Books

DeBruyn, John R., ed. Dissipations at Uffington House: The Letters of Emily Hughes, Rugby, Tennessee, 1881-1887. Memphis, Tenn.: Memphis State University Press, 1976. 80p. Reviewed in Tennessee Historical Quarterly 36 (Spring 1977): 115-17.

Dwight, Marianne. Letters from Brook Farm 1844-1847. Edited by Amy L. Reed. Poughkeepsie, NY: Vassar College, 1928. 191p.

Noyes, George Wallingford, comp., and Lawrence Foster, ed. Free Love in Utopia: John Humphrey Noyes and the Origin of the Oneida Community. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2001. 370p.

American Women's History: A Research Guide

Ken Middleton
Middle Tennessee State Univ. Library
Murfreesboro, TN 37132