American Women's History: A Research Guide
Women in Medical Fields
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Reference/Primary Sources Featured Digital Collection

Nursing Posters from WWII
at the National Archives

Bibliographies & Databases

Bullough, Bonnie. Nursing: A Historical Bibliography. New York: Garland, 1981. 408p.

Chaff, Sandra L., Ruth Haimbach, Carol Fenichel, and Nina B. Woodside, comps. and eds. Women in Medicine: A Bibliography of the Literature on Women Physicians. Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow, 1977. 1124p.
This annotated bibliography is divided into 14 sections (e.g., "Biographies," "Medical Education," "Wartime Activities," etc.), each of which is organized by country.

McDevitt, Theresa R. "A Place for Women: A Selective Annotated Bibliography on Civil War Women in Medical Services." Bulletin of Bibliography 57 (March 2000): 1-11.

Middleton, Ken, comp. Medical Fields/Science [online]. In Women in Tennessee History: A Bibliography. Last updated June 1997 [cited 25 February 1998]. Available from:

PubMed [online]. Bethesda, Md.: National Library of Medicine, 1970- . Available from:
See History of Medicine in PubMed for search tips and examples.

Weisbard, Phyllis Holman. The History of Women and Science, Health, and Technology:
A Bibliographic Guide to the Professions and the Disciplines
[Online] Available from:

Biographical Sources

See also: Biographical Sources [General Tools]

Kaufman, Martin, Stuart Galishoff, and Todd L. Savitt, eds. Dictionary of American Medical Biography. 2 vols. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1984.
"Appendix F: Listing of Females" lists over 90 women who are covered in the work.

Sirridge, Marjorie, and Brenda Pfannenstiel. "Daughters of AEsculapius: A Selected Bibliography of Autobiographies of Women Medical School Graduates, 1849-1920." Literature and Medicine 15 (Fall 1996): 200-216.

Journals in the Field

Bulletin of the History of Medicine []

Nursing History Review []

Networking Tools: Associations & Discussion Groups

American Association for the History of Medicine []

Archivists and Librarians in the History of the Health Sciences []

Association for the History of Nursing []

H-Sci-Med-Tech Discussion List []

Primary Sources: Archival Collection Guides

See also: Archival Collections: General Tools.

General Directories/Guides

Appel, Toby. Selected Special Collections and Archives in the History of Medicine [online]. September 1996 [cited 3 January 1997]. Available from:

Guides to Specific Collections

The Archives for Women in Medicine, Harvard []

Center for the Study of the History of Nursing, School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania []

Primary Sources: Digital Collections

DoHistory [online]. [Cambridge, MA]: Film Study Center, Harvard University, c2000. Available from:
Site features the diary of midwife Martha Ballard (1735-1812) and additional medical and midwifery documents.

Elizabeth Blackwell: That Girl There Is Doctor in Medicine [online]. Bethesda, Md.: U.S. National Library of Medicine, updated 5 March 2001.

"Frontier Nursing Oral History Project." In Kentuckiana Digital Library [online]. Frankfort, Ky.: Kentucky Virtual Library, n.d. [cited 18 May 2002]. Available from:
Mary Breckinridge established the Frontier Nursing Service in 1925 to bring health care services to remote areas of eastern Kentucky.

In Their Own Words ...: NIH Researchers Recall the Early Years of AIDS [online]. [Bethesda, Md.: National Institutes of Health, 2001]. Available from:
See the transcripts of interviews with Ms. Barbara Fabian Baird, R.N., and Christine Grady, R.N., Ph.D.

Kellogg African American Health Care Project [online]. [Ann Arbor]: University of Michigan, c2000 [cited 9 August 2002]. Available from:
Oral history interviews with doctors and nurses who were active in the Detroit area during the period of 1940-1969.

Norfolk Women's History: Oral History in the Perry Library [online]. Norfolk, Va.: Old Dominion University Libraries, 2000- . Available from: Two interviews focus on "Women Physicians in Tidewater, 1945-1960."

Oral Histories on the AIDS Epidemic in San Francisco [online]. Regional Oral History Office, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, n.d. [cited 29 November 2007]. Available from: Nurses and physicians discuss how they responded to the AIDS Epidemic in San Francisco in the early 1980s.

Profiles in Science [online]. Bethesda, MD : U.S. National Library of Medicine, 1998- [cited 29 November 2007]. Available from:
This site documents the careers and influence of Virginia Apgar, Mary Lasker, Barbara McClintock, and Florence R. Sabin.

Women Physicians: 1850s-1970s [online]. Philadelphia: Drexel University College of Medicine, [2005]. Available from:
Documents the history and influence of the Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania with correspondence, scrapbooks, clippings, college records, images, diaries, publications and ephemera.

Primary Sources: Microform Collections

History of Nursing. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University Microfilms International, 1981-1986.

Lillian Wald Papers. Woodbridge, Conn.: Research Publications, 1991.
Reviewed by Doris Groshen Daniels in Journal of American History 79 (March 1993): 1701-1702.

National Association of Colored Graduate Nurses Records, 1908-1951. Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources, 1995. 2 microfilm reels.

American Women's History: A Research Guide

Ken Middleton
Todd Library, Middle Tennessee State University