American Women's History: A Research Guide
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Featured Digital CollectionReference and Primary Sources

Young migratory

Dorothea Lange Photographs
at the National Archives


Kreisel, Martha. American Women Photographers: A Selected and Annotated Bibliography. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1999. 350p.
Includes 1073 references to monographs, exhibition catalogs, journal articles, dissertations, and videorecordings. The main section is arranged alphabetically by photographer, and includes cross-references to a separate section, "Bibliography of Collected Works of American Women Photographers." Kreisel thus increases access to the work of many photographers who have remained largely unknown.

Palmquist, Peter E. "Selected Bibliography." In A History of Women Photographers, by Naomi Rosenblum. New York: Abbeville Press, 1994.

Biographical Directories

Evans, Martin Marix, ed. Contemporary Photographers. 3d ed. Detroit: St. James Press, 1995.
International in coverage, this work covers prominent photographers who were still living in 1975. Entries include a biography; listings of individual and group exhibitions; a listing of museums that have photographs by the entrant; and a bibliography of books and articles. A signed critical essay completes the entry.

Kelly, Jain. "Biographies." In A History of Women Photographers, by Naomi Rosenblum. New York: Abbeville Press, 1994.
Brief biographical entries for about 175 American women photographers.

Historical Overviews

Rosenblum, Naomi. A History of Women Photographers. New York: Abbeville Press, 1994. This chronological overview includes reproductions of the work of approximately 240 women photographers.

Primary Sources: Archival Collections

See the Archival Collections section for additional information sources.

Eskind, Andrew H., et al., eds. International Photography: George Eastman House Index to Photographers, Collections, and Exhibitions. 3 vols. New York: G.K. Hall, 1998.

The Official Museum Directory. Washington, D.C.: American Association of Museums, 1971- . Annual since 1980.

Rule, Amy. "Archives of American Women Photographers." History of Photography 18 (Fall 1994): 244-247.
Rule briefly describes collections that provide substantial information about the lives and work of forty-six women photographers. Rule lists most of the following institutions as having significant collections.

Amon Carter Museum: Photography []

Archives of American Art []

The Bancroft Library Pictorial Collections []

Center for Creative Photography, University of Arizona []

George Eastman House: Photography Collection []

Oakland Museum of California []

University of Louisville Photographic Archives []

University of Maryland - Baltimore County Special Collections - Search for Photographs []

The Women in Photography International Archive []

Primary Sources: Digital Collections

Alice Iola Hare Photograph Collection
[Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley]

Benedicte Wrensted: An Idaho Photographer in Focus

Berenice Abbott's Changing New York [online]. New York: Museum of the City of New York, n.d. [cited 16 November 2001]. Available from:
Includes 304 images from the 1998 exhibition, Changing New York, and the full text of Bonnie Yochelson's book, Berenice Abbott: Changing New York (The New Press, 1997).

The Doris Ulmann Photograph Collection [online]. Eugene: University of Oregon Libraries, updated 22 September 2004 [cited 1 October 2004]. Available from:

Doris Ulmann Photograph Collection, 1915-1925 [Online]. In Kentuckiana Digital Library. Frankfort, Ky.: Kentucky Virtual Library, 2002- .
This collection includes over 200 photographs by Ulmann of mountain people in Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Georgia. See Kreisel's bibliography (cited above) for annotated citations to sources about Ulmann and her photographs.

Frances B. Johnston Photograph Collection. In LSU Digital Library [online]. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Library, 1998- [cited 9 August 2002]. Available from:
The photographs are of the French Quarter and Louisiana architecture during the 1930s and 1940s.

Frances Benjamin Johnston Collection [online]. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, n.d. [cited 30 July 2002]. Available from:
Includes about 1,100 photographs produced and gathered by Johnston.

Gerhard Sisters' Photographs [online]. In The 1904 World's Fair: Looking Back and Looking Forward. St. Louis: Missouri Historical Society, 2004 [cited 26 September 2004]. Available from:

Gertrude Kasebier Collection Images [online]. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, n.d. Available from:
This collection includes more than 70 of Kasebier's photographs of Native Americans.

The Jean Thomas Archive [online]. Louisville, KY: Ekstrom Library, University of Louisville, n.d. [cited 14 April 2006]. Available from:
This collection includes approximately 1000 of Thomas' photographs of mountain communities in eastern Kentucky.

The Kate Matthews Collection [online]. Louisville: University of Louisville Libraries, 2007. Available from:

Lange (Dorothea) Collection [Oakland Museum] [online]. Available from:;cs=default;ts=default.

Modern Photographers Collection [online]. Seattle: University of Washington Libraries, n.d. [cited 28 November 2004]. Available from:
Includes more than 80 photographs by Mary Randlett.

Talking About Women's History

American Photographs: The First Century [online]. [Washington, DC]: Smithsonian American Art Museum, [1996]. Available from:
Select Features to hear the comments of curators on the photographs of Anne W. Brigman, Linda Connor, Imogen Cunningham, Laura Gilpin, Gertrude Kasebier, and Doris Ulmann.

Bourke-White's 'Photography of Design': Early Work Found the Hidden Beauty in Industry [online]. Morning Edition, National Public Radio, 26 February 2003. Available from:

Independent Visions Panel Discussion
March 20, 1999, UCR/California Museum of Photography
"Karen Barber, curator of Independent Visions, moderated a panel discussion on art historical and political issues concerning women in photography. The panelists included artists Sant Khalsa and Jo Ann Callis and art critic Michelle Pacansky."

American Women's History: A Research Guide

Ken Middleton
Middle Tennessee State Univ. Library
Murfreesboro, TN 37132