American Women's History: A Research Guide
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Bass, Dorothy C. American Women in Church and Society: 1607-1920; A Bibliography. [New York: Auburn Program at Union Theological Seminary], 1973. 36p.

Boyd, Sandra Hughes. "The History of Women in the Episcopal Church: A Select Annotated Bibliography." Historical Magazine of the Protestant Church 50 (1981): 423-33.

Brunkow, Robert deV., ed. Religion and Society in North America: An Annotated Bibliography. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-Clio, [1983]. 515p.
Items were taken from v.11-18 of America: History and Life.

Eltscher, Susan M. Women in the Wesleyan and United Methodist Traditions: A Bibliography. Madison, N.J.: General Commission on Archives and History, the United Methodist Church, 1992. 158p.

Frazer, Ruth F., ed. Women and Religion: A Bibliography Selected From the ATLA Religion Database. 3rd rev. ed. Chicago, Ill.: American Theological Library Association, 1983. 660p.

Kolmer, Elizabeth. Religious Women in the United States: Survey of the Influential Literature from 1950 to 1983. Wilmington, Del.: M. Glazier, 1984. 111p.

Middleton, Ken, comp. Religion [online]. In Women in Tennessee History: A Bibliography [online]. 1995- [cited 10 January 1998]. Available from

Religious Books, 1876-1982. New York: Bowker, [1983]. 4 vols.

Westerkamp, Marilyn J. "Bibliographic Essay: Further Reading and Research Projects." In Women and Religion in Early America, 1600-1850: The Puritan and Evangelical Traditions. London and New York: Routledge, 1999.

Biographical Sources

Check the general ""Biographical Sources" section for additional works. Many of these general titles include appendices which list women by specific field of importance.

Benowitz, June Melby. Encyclopedia of American Women and Religion. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 1998. 466p.

Bowden, Henry Warner. Dictionary of American Religious Biography. 2d ed. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1993. 686p.

Melton, J. Gordon. Religious Leaders of America. Detroit: Gale, c1991.

Encyclopedias & Historical Overviews

Benowitz, June Melby. Encyclopedia of American Women and Religion. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 1998. 466p.

Cott, Nancy F., ed. History of Women in the United States: Historical Articles on Women's Lives and Activities. Vol. 13, Religion. Munich: Saur, 1993.

Keller, Rosemary Skinner. "Women and Religion." In Encyclopedia of the American Religious Experience. Vol. 3. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1988.

Lindley, Susan Hill. "You Have Stept Out of Your Place": A History of Women and Religion in America. Louisville, Ky.: Westminster John Knox, 1996. 500p.

Queen, Edward L., Stephen R. Prothero, and Gardiner H. Shattuck. The Encyclopedia of American Religious History. New York: Facts on File, 1996. 2 vols.
This recent work includes entries for 29 women, as well as for some applicable topics (e.g., "womanist theology"). See "women and religion" in the General Index for additional coverage. Online review in Reference Books Bulletin available from

Indexes and Databases

ATLA Religion Database on CD-ROM [database]. Evanston, Ill.: American Theological Library Association, 1993- . The bibliography edited by Frazer (see above) was developed using this database.

Journals in the Field

Journal of Southern Religion []

Religion and American Culture []

Networking Tools

Gender-Religion []

H-Amrel [American Religious History []

Primary Sources: Archives

See the general Archival Sources section for additional information sources.

General Guides

Thomas, Evangeline, et al., eds. Women Religious History Sources: A Guide to Repositories in the United States. New York: Bowker, 1983. 329p.

Specialized Guides

American Religions Collection [online]. Santa Barbara: Department of Special Collections, Donald Davidson Library, University of California, last updated 31 March 2000 [cited 2 February 2001]. Available from:
The various collections document non-mainstream religions.

Archives of Appalachia, East Tennessee State University. Religion in Appalachia" [online]. Available from:

Archives of Women in Theological Scholarship []

Daley, Virginia. Religious Life [online]. In A Sampler of Women's Studies Resources: Primary Source Materials in the Special Collections Library at Duke University. 1988. Revised, 1995. Available from:

Gleeson, Kristin. A Guide to Women's Archival Resources in the Presbyterian Historical Society. Philadelphia, Pa.: Presbyterian Historical Society, Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), 1995. 183p.

Missionaries [online]. In Manuscript Collections Documenting Women. [Eugene]: Special Collections, University of Oregon Libraries, 14 April 1997 [cited 6 November 2000]. Available from:

Missionary Resources [online]. South Hadley, Ma.: Archives and Special Collections, Mount Holyoke College, c1997 [cited 2 February 2001]. Available from:

"Religion." In Search by Subject [online]. Iowa City: Iowa Women's Archives, University of Iowa Libraries, January 1997 [cited 14 June 2000]. Available from:

Special Collections & University Archives Sources on the History of Women [online]. [Milwaukee]: Marquette University, 1996- [cited 23 November 1998]. Available from:
This guide describes collections under the following categories: "Catholic Social Action and Literary Holdings," "Christianity Among the Indians of the Americas," and "University Archives."

Turner, Kristen D. A Guide to Materials on Women in the United Methodist Church Archives. Madison, N.J.: The Commission, 1995. 180p.

Women and Leadership Archives [Loyola University, Chicago] []

Yoder, Anne. "A Guide to Mennonite Women's Diaries (1850-1950)." Mennonite Quarterly Review 70, no.4 (1996): 483-495. This article describes unpublished diaries that are located in Mennonite archives.

Primary Sources: Digital Collections

The American Missionary Association and the Promise of a Multicultural America: 1839-1954 [online]. New Orleans, La.: Amistad Research Center, Tulane University, in collaboration with the Louisiana State University Digital Library, [2000-]. Available from:

The Church in the Southern Black Community [online]. Chapel Hill: Academic Affairs Library, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1999 [cited 16 April 2001]. Available from:

Click, Patricia C. The Roanoke Island Freedmen's Colony [online]. 2001 [cited 15 April 2002]. Available from:
See in particular: Letters from Roanoke Island Missionary Teachers.

Kate and Sue McBeth, Missionary Teachers to the Nez Perce [online]. Moscow: University of Idaho Libary, 1999 [cited 8 September 2000]. Available from:
This site documents the interactions between the McBeth sisters, federal agents, and the Nez Percé people during the late nineteenth century; it includes Kate McBeth's diaries and over 150 of Sue McBeth's letters.

Ohio Memory: An Online Scrapbook of Ohio History [online]. Columbus : Ohio Historical Society, 2000- [cited 5 April 2002]. Available from:
Primary source materials from numerous archives, historical societies, libraries, and museums across the state. Highlights: temperance, the work of nuns, and activities of the Piqua Female Bible Society.

The Ursuline Convent, Charlestown, Massachusetts Collection [online]. Washington, D.C.: American Catholic History Research Center and University Archives, Catholic University of America, 2003.
The collection spans the years 1832-1903 and includes correspondence, a hand-written copy of an eyewitness report of the Convent's burning, a scrapbook history, printed items including journals, pamphlets, and newspaper clippings, and a photo and sketch of the Convent.

Commercial Digital Collections

The Gerritsen Collection - Women's History Online. [Alexandria, Va.] : Chadwyck-Healey, [2000]. Overview from the publisher.
Limit language to English and search for women and religion in the "Gerritsen Index" search field. This search will retrieve the full content (i.e., page images) of books published in the United States and England.

North American Women's Letters and Diaries. Alexandria, Va.: Alexander Street Press, 2001- . Overview from the publisher.
The "Find Authors" and "Advanced Search" search screens include a "religion" (of author) limit.

Primary Sources: Microform Collections

The Shaker Collection of the Western Reserve Historical Society. [Glen Rock, N.J.]: Microfilming Corporation of America, 1977.

Primary Sources: Periodical Collections

Women's Work for Woman, 1871-1885; Woman's Work: A Foreign Missions Magazine, 1885-1924; and Home Mission Monthly, 1886-1924. Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources, Inc. and the Prebyterian Historical Society, 1995. Microfilm.
Reviewed by David E. Suiter in Microform Review 24 (1995): 188-190.

Primary Sources: Selected Books

Grimke, Angelina. Walking by Faith: The Diary of Angelina Grimke, 1828-1835. Edited by Charles Wilbanks. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2003.

Keller, Rosemary Skinner, and Rosemary Radford Ruether, eds. In Our Own Voices: Four Centuries of American Women's Religious Writing. San Francisco, Calif.: Harper, 1995.

Ruether, Rosemary Radford, and Rosemary Skinner Keller, eds. Women and Religion in America. Vol. 1, The Nineteenth Century: A Documentary History. New York: Harper & Row, 1982.

------. Women and Religion in America. Vol. 2, The Colonial and Revolutionary Periods: A Documentary History. New York: Harper & Row, 1982.

Talking About Women's History

LaMothe, Kimerer. Dancing Religion: The Technique and Choreography of Martha Graham [Interview online]. In Straight from the Source. Cambridge, Mass.: Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, n.d. [cited 1 November 2002]. Available from:

LaPlante, Eva. American Jezebel [Interview online]. Interviewed by Dick Gordon. The Connection. National Public Radio, 19 March 2004. Available from:
LaPlante is the author of American Jezebel: The Uncommon Life of Anne Hutchinson, the Woman Who Defeated the Puritans (Harper, 2004).

Related Internet Sites

Women and Religion Resources [online]. Graduate Theological Union Library [cited 10 April 1998]. Available from:

American Women's History: A Research Guide

Ken Middleton
MTSU Library, Middle Tennessee State University