American Women's History: A Research Guide
World War I
Home Page | Last Update: 8/15/2005 | Suggestion Box

Featured Digital Collection Reference/Primary Sources

World War I
Propaganda Posters


Howlett, Charles F. The American Peace Movement: References and Resources. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1991.
Chapter five, "Women and Peace," includes over 25 annotated references to books and articles about women's activities during World War I.

Huls, Mary Ellen. United States Government Documents on Women, 1800-1990: A Comprehensive Bibliography. 2 vols. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1993.
The "War Work and Civil Defense" chapter in volume two includes over thirty annotated citations to works about women in World War I. See the index in each volume for additional coverage.

Steinson, Barbara J. "Bibliographical Note." In American Women's Activism in World War I. New York: Garland, 1982.
Overview of the important manuscript collections, periodicals and newspapers, government documents, annual reports, memoirs, and dissertations in the field.

Encyclopedias & Historical Overviews

Brown, Carrie. Rosie's Mom: Forgotten Women Workers of the First World War. Boston, MA : Northeastern University Press, c2002.
The author's excellent companion site includes excerpts and photographs from the book.

Gavin, Lettie. American Women in World War I: They Also Served. Niwot, Colo.: University Press of Colorado, 1997. 295p.

Steinson, Barbara J. American Women's Activism in World War I. New York: Garland, 1982.

Venzon, Anne Cipriano, ed. The United States in the First World War: An Encyclopedia. New York: Garland, 1995.

Primary Sources: Archival Collections

The Great War Women's Council of Defense Collection, 1917-1918 [Colorado State Archives]

McDaid, Jennifer Davis, comp. Virginia Women and the First World War: Records and Resources at the Library of Virginia [online]. Richmond: Library of Virginia, revised July 2002 [cited 19 February 2003]. Available from:

Swarthmore College Peace Collection []

Primary Sources: Digital Collections

Newspaper Pictorials: World War I Rotogravures [online]. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, n.d. [cited 21 November 2004]. Available from:

"A Summons to Comradeship": World War I and II Posters [online]. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Libraries, 1999- [cited 9 April 2002]. Available from:
Applicable subject headings for World War I posters include "American Red Cross," "National League for Women's Service," "Woman's Land Army of America," "Women in Charitable Work," "Women in War," "Women-Suffrage," and "YWCA of the USA."

Women, War, and the Homefront [online]. In Maine Memory Network. Portland: Maine Historical Society, 2001- [cited 17 November 2004]. Available from:

World War I Propaganda Posters at the National Archives

Primary Sources: Microform Collections

Women and World War I. Woodbridge, CT : Primary Source Microfilm, 2000. 31 microfilm reels.

Primary Sources: Selected Books

Saltonstall, Nora. "Out Here at the Front": The World War I Letters of Nora Saltonstall. Edited by Judith S. Graham. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 2004.

American Women's History: A Research Guide

Ken Middleton
Middle Tennessee State Univ. Library
Murfreesboro, TN 37132