William Langston
CURRICULUM VITAE
Spring 2017
 
[Education]  [Research Interests]  [Professional Organizations]  [Professional Experience]
 
Education
 
Ph.D. in Psychology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1994
Major:  Experimental Psychology
Minor:  Computer Science
Dissertation:  The use of spatial metaphors when thinking about nonspatial domains. (Chairperson Arthur M. Glenberg, Ph.D.)
 
B.A. in Psychology, University of Houston, 1989
Honors Thesis:  Cognitive mapping:  Automatic or effortful process. (Chairperson Mary J. Naus, Ph.D.)
 
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Research Interests
 
I am interested in the development and maintenance of belief.  More information is available on my research page.

The primary thrust of my research program is to understand how everyday interactions and feedback can lead to perfectly reasonable (albeit anomalous and contrary to reality) beliefs. If your sensory system delivers an experience to you, and some form of paranormal belief provides a reasonable explanation for that otherwise inexplicable experience, then belief is a perfectly reasonable response. What factors (environmental or endogenous) affect the formation and maintenance of beliefs? Wrapped up in this line of research is the relationship between belief and science. At some level, refusing to give up on a hypothesis in the face of evidence that it's wrong is not unreasonable (you can't prove a negative, and you might have done the experiment wrong). But, at the same time, continuing to believe in a hypothesis in the face of overwhelming evidence that it's wrong has a lot in common with anomalous belief systems. Can this disconnect between the constitutive values of science and actual science practice be reconciled? Belief systems play a role in science (see, e.g., Longino, 1990 for a discussion of how evidence is only evidence for a hypothesis with a belief system to connect them); do these beliefs undermine the enterprise? Should scientists cut anomalous believers a little slack? Note: My program is not to undermine faith in science with its built-in mechanisms to correct errors due to false beliefs. Rather, it would be wise for scientists to recognize what they share with everyone else. Perhaps a little honest self-reflection can help with our p-hacking problem (as one possible consequence of recognizing our common humanity).

On a related note, most anomalous beliefs are harmless or adaptive, and therefore provide no issues for the people holding them. However, some forms of misbelief are potentially damaging for the people holding them (e.g., that vaccines cause autism or that climate change is a hoax). When people have developed a consequential misbelief, what might be available to help them overcome that misbelief?
 
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Professional Organizations

Psychonomic Society (Associate)
Society for Text and Discourse
Society for the Teaching of Psychology
Society for Personality and Social Psychology
Association for Psychological Science
Middle Tennessee Psychological Association
 
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Professional Experience
[Teaching]  [Student Organization Advising]  [Grants and Awards]  [Books]  [Journal Articles and Book Chapters]
[Computers in Teaching/Methodology]  [Presentations/Posters]  
[Sponsored Student Presentations/Posters]
 
Teaching
 
Professor -- Middle Tennessee State University (Current position)
Responsibilities (links connect to the most recent syllabus): Associate Professor -- Middle Tennessee State University
Responsibilities (links connect to the most recent syllabus): Assistant Professor -- Middle Tennessee State University
Responsibilities: Visiting Assistant Professor -- Denison University
Responsibilities: Lecturer -- University of Wisconsin-Madison
Responsibilities: Lecturer -- University of Bucharest, Bucharest Romania  (Under the auspices of the McDonnell Program for the Advancement of Psychology in Romania, William Hirst, New School for Social Research, Director)
Responsibilities: Teaching Assistant -- University of Wisconsin-Madison
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Student Organization Advising
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Grants and Awards
 

Shields, E. (2012, spring). Evaluating an embodiment task. MTSU URECA program undergraduate research grant, $3090. (Mentor)

Langston, W. (2011).  Psi Chi Undergraduate Research Conference Grant. Psi Chi National Committee, $500. Funded.

Bisby, A. (2010, fall). Calibration of comprehension. MTSU URECA program undergraduate research grant, $3200. (Mentor)

Jones, A. (2010, fall). Individual differences in embodiment. MTSU URECA program undergraduate research grant, $800. (Mentor)

Hubbard, T. (2010, spring). Exploring the relationship between ideomotor susceptibility and placebo responsiveness. MTSU URECA program undergraduate research grant, $700. (Mentor)

Fields, E. (2008, spring). Investigating the role of emotion in moral judgment. MTSU URSCA program undergraduate research grant, $3,150. (Mentor)

Martin, K. (2008, spring). Sexual embodied cognition: The activation of sexual cognitions using sexually suggestive movement. MTSU URSCA program undergraduate research grant, $2,790. (Mentor)

Thomas, S., Langston, W., & Watts, R. (2007, September). Testing innovative language learning methods. MTSU Synergy grant, $40,000. Funded.

Fields, E. (2007, fall). Social Embodiment. MTSU URSCA program undergraduate research grant, $3,150. (Mentor)

MTSU Foundation Outstanding Teacher Award winner, fall 2007

Higgs, J. (2007, spring). The effect of heavy music and frustration on aggression. MTSU URSCP program undergraduate research grant, $2,520. (Mentor)

Jelliff, J. (2007, spring). The effect of heavy music and frustration on aggression. MTSU URSCP program undergraduate research grant, $2,520. (Mentor)

Byrd, S. (2007, spring). Will a surprise recall task encourage the use of spatial representations for nonspatial concepts? MTSU URSCP program undergraduate research grant, $700. (Mentor)

Langston, W.  (2006, May).  Integration of on-line survey technology into psychology research methods courses.  NSF CCLI grant, $65,115. Not funded.

DeVois, J.  (2006, spring).  Gap affordances.  MTSU URSCP program undergraduate research grant, $700.  (Mentor)

Dotson, J.  (2006, spring).  Gap affordances.  MTSU URSCP program undergraduate research grant, $700.  (Mentor)

Langston, W.  (2005).  Integration of on-line survey technology into psychology research methods courses--Reapplication support grant.  CARS-PDP internal grant, $2,600. Funded

Langston, W. (2005).  Psi Chi Undergraduate Research Conference Grant. Psi Chi National Committee, $500. Funded.

Langston, W.  (2005, May).  Integration of on-line survey technology into psychology research methods courses.  NSF CCLI A&I track grant, $77,524. Not funded.

Langston, W.  (2005).  First year college adjustment.  Middle Tennessee State University McNair Program Research Stipend, $250. (Terri Proctor)

Winter, C.  (2005, spring).  Using a stroop task to asssess automatic access of orientational metaphors.  MTSU URSCA program undergraduate research grant, $700.  (Mentor)

Boucher, R.  (2004, summer).  Using a directional stroop task to assess spatial schema knowledge.  MTSU URSCA program undergraduate research grant, $700.  (Mentor)

Middle Tennessee State University McNair Program Mentor of the Year, Summer, 2003.
 
Langston, W.  (2003).  What's in a name?  Name stereotyping and employee selection.  Middle Tennessee State University McNair Program Research Stipend, $500. (Tameika McLean)
 
Langston, W.  (2002).  Phonetic symbolism and list learning.  Middle Tennessee State University McNair Program Research Stipend, $500. (Nikayla Boga)
 
Langston, W.  (2001).  When will readers use spatial knowledge in text comprehension?  Middle Tennessee State University McNair Program Research Stipend, $500. (Tashauna Buchanan)
 
Langston, W.  (2001).  Orientational metaphors and the design of instructions.  Middle Tennessee State University Summer Research Grant, $3,466. Funded.
 
Langston, W.  (2000).  When will readers use spatial knowledge in text comprehension?  Middle Tennessee State University McNair Program Research Stipend, $500. (Tashauna Buchanan)
 
Langston, W.  (1998).  Orientational metaphors as an aid to text comprehension.  Middle Tennessee State University Faculty Development Grant, $3,595. Funded.
 
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Books
 
Langston, W.  (2011).  Research Methods Laboratory Manual for Psychology (3rd Ed.).  Pacific Grove, CA:  Wadsworth.

Langston, W.  (2005).  Research Methods Laboratory Manual for Psychology (2nd Ed.).  Pacific Grove, CA:  Wadsworth.
 
Langston, W.  (2002).  Research Methods Laboratory Manual for Psychology.  Pacific Grove, CA:  Wadsworth.
 
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Journal Articles and Book Chapters
 
Hubbard, T. M., Magne, C., & Langston, W. (2014). Spatial configuration of vertically related word pairs modulates the N400 component. NeuroReport, 25, 1424-1428. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/WNR.0000000000000281

Tillman, R., Langston, W., & Louwerse, M. (2013). Attribution of responsibility by Spanish and English speakers: How native language affects our social judgments. Revista Signos: Estudios de Linguistica, 46, 408-422. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-09342013000300006

Langston, W.  (2002).  Violating orientational metaphors slows reading.  Discourse Processes, 34, 281-310.
 
Langston, W., & Anderson, J. C.  (2000).  A test of the reverse speech hypothesis:  Are listeners able to detect the emotional content of backward speech.  Skeptic, 8, 30-35.
 
Langston, W., Kramer, D. C., & Glenberg, A. M.   (1998). The representation of space in mental models derived from text.  Memory and Cognition, 26, 247-262.
 
Rubin, D. C., Ciobanu, V., & Langston, W.  (1997).  Children's memory for counting-out rhymes:  A cross language comparison.  Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 4, 421-424.
 
Glenberg, A. M., Kruley, P., & Langston, W. E.  (1994).  Analogical processes in comprehension:  Simulation of a mental model.  In M. A. Gernsbacher (Ed.), Handbook of psycholinguistics (pp. 609-640).  New York:  Academic Press.
 
Glenberg, A. M., & Langston, W. E.  (1992).  Comprehension of illustrated text:  Pictures help to build mental models.  Journal of Memory and Language, 31, 129-151.
 
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Computers in Teaching/Methodology
 
Langston, W.  (2000).  A demonstration of research methodologies used in psycholinguistics.  In M. E. Ware & D. E. Johnson (Eds.), Handbook of demonstrations and activities in the teaching of psychology:  Vol. 2.  Physiological-comparative, perception, learning, cognitive, and developmental (2nd ed., pp. 206-209).  Mahwah, NJ:  Erlbaum.
 
Langston, W.  (1999).  The generation effect:  Software demonstrating the phenomenon.  Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 31, 81-85.
 
Langston, W.  (1998).  A demonstration of research methodologies used in psycholinguistics.  Teaching of Psychology, 25, 61-63.
 
Langston, W.  (1995).  Intelegerea limbajului:  O introducere in psiholingvistica (Understanding language:  An introduction to psycholinguistics).  Annals of the University of Iasi.
 
Langston, W., Ohnesorge, C., Kruley, P., & Haase, S. J.  (1994).  Changes in subject performance during the semester:  An empirical investigation.  Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 1, 258-263.
 
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Presentations/Posters

Hunt, A., Hubbard, T., Anderson, K., Fehrman, C., & Langston, W. (2016, November). An eye-tracking study to identify variables that affect the interpretation of a purportedly paranormal event. Poster presented at the 57th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Boston, MA.

Langston, W. (2016, November). Human factors psychology. Lecture to the Vanderbilt Engineering Design Seminar, Nashville, TN.

Langston, W., & Hubbard, T. (2015, November). The relationship between experience and belief in ghosts. Poster presented at the 56th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Chicago, IL.

Langston, W. (2015, November). Human factors psychology. Lecture to the Vanderbilt Engineering Design Seminar, Nashville, TN.

Langston, W., & Hubbard, T. (2014, November). The effects of prior belief, expectations, and experience on belief in ghosts. Poster presented at the 55th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Long Beach, CA.

Langston, W. (2014, October). Human factors psychology. Lecture to the Vanderbilt Engineering Design Seminar, Nashville, TN.

Langston, W. (2013, November). Human factors psychology. Lecture to the Vanderbilt Engineering Design Seminar, Nashville, TN.

Hubbard, T., Magne, C., Langston, W., &  Shields, E. (2013, November). Spatial configuration of vertically related word pairs modulates the N400 component of ERPs. Poster presented at the 54th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Stallings, H., Langston, W., Kates, R., & Harris, W. (2013, May). Using a university learning community to improve learning spaces and student retention. Paper presented at the No Name Facilities Planning Conference 2013.

Langston, W.  (2013, April).  Recent research on effective ways to improve students' learning.  Brownbag talk to the LT&ITC, Murfreesboro, TN.

Langston, W.  (2012, November).  Faculty-student research collaboration: ghost walks, graphology, and ideomotor effects, oh my!  Brownbag talk to the Psychology Department, Murfreesboro, TN.

Shields, E., Swindell, D., Hubbard, T., & Langston, W. (2012, November). Evaluating embodiment task parameters. Poster presented at the 53rd Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Minneapolis, MN.

Langston, W. (2012, November). Human factors psychology. Lecture to the Vanderbilt Engineering Design Seminar, Nashville, TN.

Langston, W. (2011, November). Human factors psychology. Lecture to the Vanderbilt Engineering Design Seminar, Nashville, TN.

Jones, A., Hubbard, T., Swindell, D., Shields, E., & Langston, W. (2011, November). Individual differences in embodiment. Poster presented at the 52nd Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Seattle, WA.

Langston, W., Hubbard, T., Bisby, A., Emerson, S., Ibañez, J., & Tillman, R. (2010, November). Timing influences on the specificity of implied movement interference effects. Poster presented at the 51st Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, St. Louis, MO.

Langston, W. (2010, November). Human factors psychology. Lecture to the Vanderbilt Engineering Design Seminar, Nashville, TN.

Poole, B. D., Langston, W. E., & Schmidt, G. W. (2010, January). The effect of embodied social cognition, message strength, and message framing on counter-attitudinal persuasion. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Las Vegas, NV.

Langston, W., Hubbard, T., & Emerson, S. (2009, November). The specificity of implied movement interference effects. Poster presented at the 50th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Boston, MA.

Langston, W. (2009, November). Human factors psychology. Lecture to the Vanderbilt Engineering Design Seminar, Nashville, TN.

Langston, W. (2008, November). Human factors psychology. Lecture to the Vanderbilt Engineering Design Seminar, Nashville, TN.

Poole, B., & Langston, W. (2008, November). Affect and horizontal position. Poster presented at the 49th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Chicago, IL.

Langston, W., & Higgs, J. (2008, May). Frustration and embodiment influence the relationship between aggressive music and aggression. Poster presented at the 20th Annual Convention of the Association for Psychological Science, Chicago, IL.

Langston, W. (2007, December). Human factors psychology. Lecture to the Vanderbilt Engineering Design Seminar, Nashville, TN.

Langston, W., Fields, E., & Martin, K. (2007, November). Can the embodied nature of attitudes be used to increase persuasion? Poster presented at the 48th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Long Beach, CA.

Langston, W., & Carpenter, F. (2006, November). Comparing markedness and metaphor explanations of the spatialization of concepts. Poster presented at the 47th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Houston, TX.

Langston, W. (2006, November). Human factors psychology. Lecture to the Vanderbilt Engineering Design Seminar, Nashville, TN.

Langston, W. (2005, November). Human factors psychology. Lecture to the Vanderbilt Engineering Design Seminar, Nashville, TN.

Langston, W., & Tidrick, C.  (2005, November).  Do affordances change with changes in body shape?  Poster presented at the 46th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Langston, W. (2004, December). Human factors psychology. Lecture to the Vanderbilt Engineering Design Seminar, Nashville, TN.

Langston, W., & Boucher, R.  (2004, November).  Using a directional Stroop task to assess spatialization of concenpts.  Poster presented at the 45th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Minneapolis, MN.

Langston, W.  (2004, October).  Science, pseudoscience, and skepticism.  Honors lecture to the MTSU Honors College, Murfreesboro, TN.

Pendleton, J., Burke, B., & Langston, W.  (2004, March).  Appearance and behavior of the survey administrator and response validity.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.

Shin, C., Langston, W., Hendricks, K., & Harding, A.  (2004, March).  "You're invading my space!" But not when I'm preoccupied. (Or...The effects of intrusion and distraction on time spent at ATMs.)  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.

Langston, W., Hughes, N., & Hughes-Spencer, R.  (2003, November).  Phonetic symbolism and list learning.  Poster presented at the 44th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Vancouver, B. C., Canada.
 
Langston, W., & Kuban, J.  (2002, November).  Orientational metaphors and the design of controls.  Poster presented at the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Kansas City, MO.
 
Langston, W.  (2002, September).  Phonetic symbolism and list learning.  Brownbag talk to the Psychology Department, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Langston, W., Kuban, J., & Logan, J.  (2002, June).  Will readers’ note taking strategies reflect the use of orientational metaphors?   Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Text and Discourse, Chicago, IL.
 
Langston, W., Anderson, C., & Buchanan, T.  (2001, February).  Does arousing information played in reverse increase arousal?  A test of the reverse speech hypothesis.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, San Antonio, TX.

Langston, W.  (2001, January).  Quick starters:  New faculty who succeed.  Teaching Effectiveness Committee Seminar leader, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Langston, W., & Dempsey, L. A.  (2000, November).  Violating metaphors for time also slows reading.  Poster presented at the 41st Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, New Orleans, LA.

Langston, W.  (2000, September).  ReverseSpeech:  Kiss the lying ass my foot.  Brownbag talk to the Psychology Department, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Cox, B., Raper, R., & Langston, W.  (2000, February).  Male territoriality when choosing pornographic videos.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Nashville, TN.
 
Langston, W., & Norman, N.  (1999, November).  Comprehension of text:  Orientational metaphors also help to build mental models.  Poster presented at the 40th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Los Angeles, CA.
 
Langston, W.  (1999, November).  Orientational metaphors and text comprehension.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Tennessee Psychological Association, Nashville, TN.
 
Langston, W.  (1998, November).  Mental models and the noticing hypothesis.  Poster presented at the 39th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Dallas, TX.
 
Langston, W.  (1998, September).  Gestures that accompany language:  Style or substance?  Brownbag talk to the Psychology Department, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Langston, W., & Terzo, J.  (1998, July).  Violating orientational metaphors affects text comprehension.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Text and Discourse, Madison, WI.
 
Langston, W.  (1997, November).  Spatial metaphors affect comprehension of nonspatial texts.  Poster presented at the 38th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, Philadelphia, PA.
 
Langston, W., Ohnesorge, C., Keith, C., Scott, V., & Springer, M.  (1997, May).  The effect of gender pronouns and stereotypical sex of occupations on reading time.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago, IL.
 
Langston, W., Kramer, D. C., & Glenberg, A. M.  (1994, November).  Mental models are not (very) spatial.  Paper presented at the 35th Annual Meeting of the Psychonomic Society, St. Louis, MO.
 
Langston, W.  (1994, December).  Introduction to psycholinguistics; Research methods in psycholinguistics; Discourse processing; and Controversial issues in psycholinguistics.  Invited lecture series at the University of Iasi, Iasi, Romania.
 
Langston, W. E.  (1994, May).  Evidence for the use of spatial metaphors when readers comprehend nonspatial texts.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago, IL.
 
Glenberg, A. M., & Langston, W. E.  (1991, May).  Comprehension of illustrated text:  Pictures help to build mental models.  Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association, Chicago, IL.
 
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Sponsored Student Presentations/Posters

Marcum, B., & Yancey, L. (2016, April). Congruency on various personality tests. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

 

Hargrove, J., Paday, A., & White, T. (2016, April). Psychology vs. astrology: Source prestige and the Barnum Effect. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

 

McCage, N., Chandler, D., Pride, T., & Bogdanovic, V. (2016, April). Does being stared at make it more difficult to study? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

 

Azelski, B., Rowlett, B., Brannan, K., & Lewis, B. (2016, April). Belief In staring detection. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

 

Pascal, C., Hall, M., & McCleary, L. (2016, April). Survey length and acceptance of personality descriptions. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

 

Carr, L., McGraw, K., Hassan Albban, J., Robinson, A., & Wright, N. (2016, April). Self-esteem and interpretation of feedback in personality tests. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

 

Anselmo, A., Thiele, A., & Lindsay, C. (2016, April). The Forer Effect and personality. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

 

Asllani, A., Brown, J., & Beasley, N. (2016, April). Caffeinated college students: Which gender consumes more? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

 

Cunningham, M., Martinez, A., & Crouch, P. (2016, April). Self esteem, source credibility, and the Barnum Effect. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Culver, C., West, B., & Sharpe, D. (2015, April). Recreating the Forer Effect. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Villasana, E., Elmore, B., & Porter, T. (2015, April). A methodological evaluation of the relationship between paranormal belief and schizotypy. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Moye, S., Coker, D., & Crosslin, J. (2015, April). The effect of age on stare detection. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Sydow, C. (2015, April). The relationship between convergent and divergent thinking and schizotypy. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Happel, C. L., Locke, S., & Webb, T. (2015, April). Investigation of staring detection ability. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Wesley, B., Busman, M., & Willoughby, W. (2015, April). Cheering vs. jeering: Perceived and actual effect. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Garcia, J., Brewer, Z., Cantrell, J., Walker, A., & Bleuze, E. (2015, April). Recreation of Hyman's 1999 ideomotor effect experiment with added control group. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

McCullough, C., & Reynolds, R. (2015, April). The correlation between the Forer Effect and age. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Davies, D., Holguin, H., Laux, R., & McGinnis, A. (2015, April). What color are you? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

McCoy, J., & Lockridge, R. (2015, April). Paranormal belief and thinking styles. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Smith-Villalvazo, P., & Hodge, J. (2015, April). Examining the Forer (Barnum) Effect in couples. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Manning, S., Ononuju, E., & Ross, B. (2015, April). The link between Big 5 personality traits and paranormal belief. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Fongnaly, P., & Gober, A. (2015, April). Further investigation on the Barnum Effect and graphology. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Eason, C., Green, B., Hill, K., & Randolph, M. (2014, April). Are you staring at me? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Alcorn, B., Marshall, H., Black, J., & Hill, M. (2014, April). Several measures of personality. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Clay, J., Duke, B., Hackett, K., & McKee, H. (2014, April). Superstitious belief on personality. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Engelage, A., Callies, M., Joyner, D., & Villaneuva, M. (2014, April). Stare detection. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

LeMaster, J., Northam, H., Rosas, S., & Yun, S. (2014, April). Study of stare detection. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Alexander, B., Green, J., & McDonald, L. (2014, April). Accuracy in personality profiling. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Haggard, R., Robinson, S., Kitchens, C., & Foster, J. (2014, April). Effect of specificity on acceptance. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Horta, C., Losey, L., Schum, A., & Spencer, M. (2014, April). Studying the correlation between personality and handwriting: Does handwriting predict personality? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Schwenk, L. (2014, April). Stare detection. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Brown, S., & Jones, K. (2013, April). Are some people unwilling to tempt fate? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Taylor, K., & McLendon, O. (2013, April). Detecting lies within handwriting. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Francisco, J. A. G., Badou, F., & Lenoir, C. D. (2013, April). The horoscope GOSPEL. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Tretter, K. (2013, April). Ideomotor action and absorption: Relating the Tellegen Absorption Scale to ideomotor tasks. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Bryant, H., Cariker, M., Snell, B., & Allen, M. (2013, April). The staring effect: Can you feel it? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Lewis, A., Tate, B., Hodge, M., & Wilson, K. (2013, April). Metaphysical correlations: Personality and paranormal belief. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Tucker, D., Buchanan, M., & Bivins, M. (2013, April). Possible correlation between musical preferences and grades. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Mills, A., Chapman, C., Crowder, P., & Vallentine, C. (2013, April). Apples to apples: Defining the boundaries of social conformity. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Lambert, A., Horn, D., Gore, M. B., & Garrison, C. (2013, April). Do Barnum Effects influence astrological profiles? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Hazlett, B., & Durham, C. (2013, April). Does gender play a role in superstitious behavior? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Allen, H., Baleka, K., & Hatton, M. (2013, April). Students and pre-exam rituals. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Roddy, E., & Moffitt, K. (2013, April). Ideomotor effects. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Adams, R., Pinkerton, B., Wells, A., & Douglas, R. (2012, April). What is really happening when "knocking on wood"? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Boren, D., Forte, K., Williams, J., & Bridges, K. (2012, April). How believable are horoscopes? The Forer Effect. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Hynds, J., & Dugger, A. (2012, April). The influence of personal validation. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Graham, M. H., Clark, C., Mohsenzadeh, R., & King, V. (2012, April). Wording effects on perception and blame. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Greene, A., Cronkhite, E., & Waggoner, K. (2012, April). Name identification and backwards speech. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Patel, N., & Washington, J. (2012, April). Do you believe it? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Grimes, C., Peters, C., & Qualls, L. (2012, April). Does size matter: Looking at perceived validity and the Forer Effect. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Sorensen, C., & Fajardo, P. (2012, April). Balancing eggs, No yolk about it. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Williams, G., Barnett, V., & Floyd, B. (2012, April). Tempting fate in basketball. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Strickland, K., Hwang, J., & Miller, J. (2012, April). Social conformity and personality differences. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Adams, A., & Spicer, M. (2011, April). How personality traits affect reading ability. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Bennett, M., Clements, A., & Patton, C. (2011, April). Examining the relationship between academic performance and health risk behavior in college students. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Bottoms, C., & Deshields, V. (2011, April). Cognitive bias: Distinguishing between self-serving bias and the Forer Effect. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Brown, P., & Watkins, C. (2011, April). Staring: Do males or females notice more? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Crenshaw, J., & Bowen, L. (2011, April). Staring detection: Are people more likely to detect staring while in groups? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Fredrick, E., & Turner, S. (2011, April). Horoscopes and you: A look at perceptions of the self. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Garrett, G., & Sokolowski, M. A. (2011, April). Effects of personality on health behavior change. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Hamilton, S., & Risinger, K. (2011, April). The effect of sexual orientation disclosure on job satisfaction. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Hubbard, T., & Shields, E. (2011, April). Paranormal state: How belief and knowledge guide ideomotor responses to images containing ghosts. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Jones, A., Jordan, D., Efird, E., & Hubbard, T. (2011, April). Individual differences in embodiment. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Neal, P., & Branch, K. (2011, April). Color and memory performance. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Patterson, C., Dixon, B., & Read, K. (2011, April). Academic stress among African American and Caucasian students. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Piper, W., & Metz, F. (2011, April). Magical darts. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Ray, B., & Thorne, K. C. (2011, April). The Yerkes-Dodson Law and task performance: Methodological findings. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Stewart, E. A., & Li, J. (2011, April). The connection between everyday coincidences, pattern seeking, and belief in the paranormal. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Swindell, D., Hubbard, T., Jones, A., Young, A., & Thomas, C. (2011, April). Methodological influences on implied movement interference effects. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Tew, E., & Mayeur, L. (2011, April). The paranormal personality. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Tillman, R. (2011, April). Mind your language! A cross-cultural linguistic analysis of the attribution of responsibility for Spanish and English speakers (and the glorious pitfalls of “real-world” data collection). Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Vermillion, C., & Royal, D. (2011, April). Getting more donations by getting people emotionally involved. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Bates, S., Phongsouvanh, N., & Wortham, W. (2010, April). Relationship between magical thinking and paranormal belief. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Elrod, K., Black, C., & Jackson, C. (2010, April). Superstition and test performance. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Emerson, A., Pilaczynski, E., & Gilmore, M. (2010, April). Sports fans' rituals and paranormal beliefs. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Grady, C., & Kemp, T. (2010, April). Paranormal influences. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Holloway, S., Little, R., & Cowden, R. (2010, April). Demand characteristics. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Kelly, A., Pollom, J., & Mulzac, L. (2010, April). The effects of magical thinking. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Kozon, I., & Franklin, G. (2010, April). Detecting if people can tell that they are stared at. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Luffman, T., & Perrin, A. (2010, April). Compliance with the pique technique. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Ray, R., Vaughn, S., & Shoults, D. (2010, April). The power of suggestibility: Will ideomotor effects cause someone to believe a plastic surface is more or less sticky? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Roman, A., & Tusky, K. (2010, April). Class year and student expectation of grade inflation. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Stevens, M., Case, E., & Lowe, C. (2010, April). Messages in music. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Thomas, C., Ahima, N., & Robinson, C. (2010, April). Barnum effect and music. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Thorne, K., Matchok, M., & Kilcoyne, K. (2010, April). Positive personality potential. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Plummer, S. K. (2009, April). Playing doctor: Assessing future professionals' attitudes toward child sexual behavior. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Bowers, A., & Wrenn, W. (2009, April). Ability to identify gender with key facial features. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Hays, J., Manier, N., & Sterchi, S. (2009, April). Familial factors affecting student achievement. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Essary, B., & Shelton, B. (2009, April). How well does an individual know their personality? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Johnson, S. D. (2009, April). Addiction in a world of warcraft: Are MMORPGs a life altering pursuit? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Rawls, M., Newman, D., & Dang, D. (2009, April). The effect of social standing of eyewitnesses in credibility. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Himmelreich, M. (2009, April). The correlation between the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire and musical preference. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Poe, K., Wilson, C., & Vogel, L. (2009, April). Does proximity of a recycling receptacle influence the likelihood of individuals to recycle? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Pitman, M., & Bush, A. (2009, April). The dangers of cell phones. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Parsley, D., & Stillwell, S. (2009, April). Does Greek affiliation affect general halth of college students? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Childers, M., & Schultz, J. (2009, April). Social influence on paranormal beliefs. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Garrison, V. R., & Gillis, C. (2009, April). Gender and door holding behavior. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Clements, A., Parra Flores, T., & Patel, A. (2009, April). Yawning and the ideomotor effect. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Partington, D., & Gunter, J. (2009, April). Research design for evaluating dog training and socialization prison programs on inmates' frustration tolerance and anger management skills. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Pounds, S., & Parish, C. (2008, April). Does reading for pleasure create better students? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Hubbard, T., Rhodes, R., & Wood, D. (2008, April). Investigation of empathy: Aiding distressed or non-distressed individuals. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Beasley, E., Carney, M., Graham, L., & Grayson, L. (2008, April). Is there a difference in race and gender and the time it takes a person to exit a parking space when someone is waiting or when no one is waiting to park? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Goings, J., Roberts, W., & Grant, C. (2008, April). Cognitive appraisal versus emotional reactions to humorous stimuli. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Tyus, L., & Kleopfer, S. (2008, April). Is there a relationship between psychic belief and personality type? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Perrien, K., Gibson, L., & Phillips, K. (2008, April). Does feminism play a role on reaction times in regard to gender-neutral pronouns? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Gregory, A., Lawrence, S., & Landry, L. (2008, April). Is there a relationship between parking territoriality and gender? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Treadway, B., Bohanon, C., & Jones, T. (2008, April). The seven o'clock no junk food plan based on the transtheoretical model. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Perry, L., Hicks, M., & Ries, A. (2008, April). Are people who like horror films higher on the sensation seeking scale? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Bodkin, D., Fulcher, D., & Lesnak, N. (2008, April). The relationship between religiosity and sexual activity. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Ferguson, S. L., Virgin, S. C., & Salacuse, J. (2008, April). Is there a relationship between shoplifting and sensation seeking? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Clarksville, TN.

Sasser, P., Claytor, T., & Norris, B. (Langston, W.) (2007, April). Confirming the unconfirmable: How horoscopes affect your life. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Heavner, J., & Shapiro, J. (Langston, W.) (2007, April). Apples to attitudes: Search for the Barnum Effect. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Scott, Q. (Langston, W.) (2007, April). Territoriality space among student athletes. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Hardemon, A., Mathison, W., & Murphy, L. (Langston, W.) (2007, April). Will the presentation of false percentages cause participants to change their estimates of the frequency of behaviors? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Mozingo, M., & Matteson, C. (Langston, W.) (2007, April). Problem drinking behaviors and memory. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Fields, E., & Martin, K. (Langston, W.) (2007, April). Can principles of embodied cognition be used to increase the persuasiveness of a message? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Hicks, S., Ferebee, L., & Black, B. (Langston, W.) (2007, April). Personality of an e-mail forwarder. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Fries, K., & Hatcher, M. (Langston, W.) (2007, April). Daytime parking lot behavior at MTSU. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Spence, R., & Buehring, R. (Langston, W.) (2007, April). The effects of coloring and relaxation on stress. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Higgs, J., & Jelliff, J. (Langston, W.) (2007, April). The effect of heavy music and frustration on aggression. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Lankster, B., Karami, N., & Hensley, H. (Langston, W.) (2007, April). Adult learning and information retention. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Mahlon, D., & Troglen, R. (Langston, W.) (2007, April). SES and SEX. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Chester, C., & Willmon, T. (Langston, W.) (2007, April). The effect of physical activity on social interaction. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Pedigo, K. (Langston, W.) (2006, April). Can the tarot accurately predict the future? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Farmer, K., &  Hodges, A. (Langston, W.) (2006, April). Pet attitudes and college stress. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Fly, D., & Harris, C. (Langston, W.) (2006, April). Interrupting mindless refusal. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Allen, K. (Langston, W.) (2006, April). The effects of equine assisted therapy on clients’ motivation for drug/alcohol abuse therapy. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Gabbard, V., Frey, S., & Rock, M. (Langston, W.) (2006, April). Measuring willingness to help using the lost letter technique. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Briggs, A., & Hudson, C. (Langston, W.) (2006, April). Seeing is believing: The effect of an event on beliefs. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Bell, K., & Richardson, A. (Langston, W.) (2006, April). What influences body satisfaction in women? The effects of media exposure and personality. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Wright, A., & Oskian, K. (Langston, W.) (2006, April). Levels of physiological arousal caused by colors. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Bunch, B., & Harris, J. (Langston, W.) (2006, April). The relationship between pets and stress in a non-college population. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Turner, M., Crim, L., & Kirby, A. (Langston, W.) (2006, April). The correlation between pet attitude and perceived stress among college students. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Ledford, C., Graves, B., & Simmons, J. (Langston, W.) (2006, April). Mood matters: Induced mood and person perception. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Jelliff, J., & Mullins, M. (Langston, W.) (2006, April). Gestures and memory retrieval. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Higgs, J., Thomas, E., & Lynn, M. (Langston, W.) (2006, April). An exploration of the relationship between grade inflation and source of funding for MTSU students. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Collins, A, Chambers, M., & Turner, C. (Langston, W.) (2006, April). The benefits of pet therapy on the well-being of the elderly. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Paslay, J. P., & Young, J. (Langston, W.) (2006, April). Cell phone vs. calculator performance. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Sneed, M. C., & Brownlee, M. (Langston, W.) (2006, April). The relationship between students' effort and expected grades. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Akunuri, P., Bhakta, L., & Manzella, C. (Langston, W.) (2006, April). Is the grass really greener: The Stroop Effect of color connotation. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Watts, H., Dudenbostel, A., & Beard, T. (Langston, W.) (2006, April). Do different majors perceive gender pronouns differently? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

DeVois, J., & Dotson, J. (Langston, W.) (2006, April). Perception of affordances with changes in body shape. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Preator, S., & Cross, A. (Langston, W.) (2005, April). Assigned seating. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Goldsberry, A., Denison, C., & Langston, J. (Langston, W.)  (2005, April). Why women are not “The Biggest Losers.” Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Washington, C., Stone, A., & Ellis, S. (Langston, W.)  (2005, April). Follow that bus! Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Capps, A., Bowen, R., & Clark, A. (Langston, W.)  (2005, April). Social pressures on door holding behavior. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Winter, C., Jackson, L., & Nemarnik, T. (Langston, W.)  (2005, April). How stress affects iconic memory uptake. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Sharp, A., Phillips, G., & Heikes, D. (Langston, W.)  (2005, April). Effect of word color and arousal on recall. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Parr, E., Dotson, J., Hurst, K., & DeVois, J. (Langston, W.)  (2005, April). You can't always get what you want. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Allen, K., Jordan, C., & Millspaugh, A. (Langston, W.)  (2005, April). The effects of hippotherapy on children's self image. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Thorne, J., Johnson, K., & Hendrickson, K. (Langston, W.)  (2005, April). Territoriality of the parking lot. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Gabbard, V., Adams, D., Bratcher, H., Horton, C., & Martin, E. (Langston, W.)  (2005, April). Rate-a-résumé. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Borys, A., Johnson, M., & Frank, J. (Langston, W.)  (2005, April). Tendencies of customers at Ruby Tuesdays: Smoking vs. non-smoking sections. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Sage, C., & Brasell, L. (Langston, W.)  (2004, May).  Response to territory at a gas station.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.

Raymer, R., Cloud, J., Picard-Ami, T., Vaden, M. (Langston, W.)  (2004, May).  Hooked on a feeling.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.

Boucher, R., Khandaker, N., & McGee, L. (Langston, W.)  (2004, May).  Don't worry, be happy...The effects of mood on perception.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.

Lawson, S., & Gill, R. (Langston, W.)  (2004, May).  The relationship between pet ownership and loneliness measures.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.

Williams, M., Werner, A., & Goin, A. (Langston, W.  (2004, May)  Does knowing that the ability to gesture is being restricted have an effect of word retrieval?  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.

Thompson, A., Reynolds, J., & Swafford, G. (Langston, W.)  (2004, May).  The value of space and reaction to intrusion.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.

Nichols, K., Phillips, R., & Thorpe, L. (Langston, W.)  (2004, May).  STOP or I'll STROOP!  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.

Rock, M., & Bodkins, T. (Langston, W.)  (2004, May).  Does the music man bring a happy summertime or tears in heaven?  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.

Carroll, E., German, T., Miller, S., & Montgomery, J. (Langston, W.)  (2004, May).  Can you tell me how?  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.

Cubit, K., Jones, D., & Lane, B. (Langston, W.)  2004, May).  Does the expectation of grade inflation decrease from freshman to senior standing?  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.

Hines, B., Bennett, A., & Stewart, T. (Langston, W.)  (2004, May).  Look before you leap.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.

Robertini, C., & Longie, S. (Langston, W.)  (2004, May).  Do people stress less with pets?  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.

Huckaby, S., Schulz, S., & Sullivan, R. (Langston, W.)  (2003, May).  The effects of gifts on mood.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.
 
Potts, A., & Fleming, B. (Langston, W.)  (2003, May).  Territoriality in the parking lot.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.
 
Guess, T., & Ozturk, A. (Langston, W.)  (2003, May).  Gestures and word retrieval.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.
 
Alexander, C., & Lewis, L. (Langston, W.)  (2003, May).  Math frustration.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.
 
Vickery, J., & McEachen, C. (Langston, W.)  (2003, May).  The effects of spider phobia on the Stoop Task.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.
 
Harmon, J., Harrison, S., Haas, J., Livingston, A., & Partin, S. (Langston, W.)  (2003, May).  GOT STRESS?  Pet your pet.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.
 
Holloway, J., Ward, K., Quinton, A., & Hicks, C. (Langston, W.)  (2003, May).  Sexual "violence" and impression formation.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.
 
Hollis, L., Jackson, A., & Bodkins, T. (Langston, W.)  (2003, May).  Obstacle detection by the blind.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.
 
Fuqua, R., Ferguson, J., Edmiston, R., & Ryan, G. (Langston, W.)  (2003, May).  Will you please shut up:  Distraction and the Stroop Task.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.
 
Williams, S., Klein, M., Van Nuck, T., & Udoumana, E. (Langston, W.)  (2003, May).  Gender and gratuity.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.
 
Hewitt, G., Marks, C., Richcreek, C., & Williams, E. (Langston, W.)  (2003, May).  Music makes the mood.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.
 
Overton, D., Howard, S., & Haines, S. (Langston, W.)  (2002, April).  Great expectations!  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.
 
Arledge, J., Saunders, S., & Skeen, J. (Langston, W.)  (2002, April).  How do blind people see?  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.
 
McLean, T., & Huddleston, B. (Langston, W.)  (2002, April).  Pet attitude and stress.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.

Russo, M., & Hollingsworth, K. (Langston, W.)  (2002, April).  Give us 5 minutes and we'll change your mood.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.

Chandler, A., Hamilton, E., Yoneyama, K., & Word, J. (Langston, W.)  (2002, April).  Parking lot territoriality.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.
 
Austin, M., & Moot, N. (Langston, W.)  (2001, April).  Mood and memory.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Buchanan, T. (Langston, W.)  (2001, April).  Spatial strategies in comprehension.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Glover, J., Blanco, G., Hennessy, F., King, R., & Quinton, A. (Langston, W.)  (2001, April).  Met-O-4-ically spaced out.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Hairston, W., Mays, J., & North, L. (Langston, W.)  (2001, April).  Compliance with requests in the computer lab.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Harris, K., & Bailey, B. (Langston, W.)  (2001, April).  Gesturing and word recall.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Oldham, J., & Little, S. (Langston, W.)  (2001, April).  Grade inflation expectations at MTSU.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Peck, L., & Hennessy, A. (Langston, W.)  (2001, April).  Interference of bipartisan words in the Stroop Effect.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Pratt, S., & Reed, E. (Langston, W.)  (2001, April).  Does a green environment cause inward looking?  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Pryor, J. (Langston, W.)  (2001, April).  The effects of pet ownership on stress.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Sanders, R., & Clark, A. (Langston, W.)  (2001, April).  People are not territorial in the parking lot at night.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Scrivener, S., Aplin, S., Bruce, E., Richerson, J., & Allison, K. (Langston, W.)  (2001, April).  I can’t think when I'm sitting on my hands.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Videon, C., & Hutson, J. (Langston, W.)  (2001, April).  Can you help me please?  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Dempsey, L. A. (Langston, W.)  (2000, April).  The effect of violating orientational metaphors on reading time.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Douglas, B., & Lanier, H. (Langston, W.)  (2000, April).  Oh Canada or Happy Birthday:  Interpersonal touch and the pique technique.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Gauen, E., & Carlson, G. (Langston, W.)  (2000, April).  Depressed?  Take control.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Haley, M., Garner, K., Gilmore, T., Allred, A., & Robie, Y. (Langston, W.)  (2000, April).  Back that thang up:  Territoriality and parking spaces.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Hughes, C., & Little, D. (Langston, W.)  (2000, April).  The effect of hand gesturing on free recall.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Thacker, A., & Hennessee, S. (Langston, W.)  (2000, April).  The stress of pet ownership.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.

Appleton, T., & Patterson, M. (Langston, W.)  (1999, May).  Gesturing: Selfishness or selflessness?  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Clark, L., Buxton, R., Lee, B., Whitehead, H., Vaughn, T., & Paschall, C. (Langston, W.)  (1999, May).  ReverseSpeech: Psychology talks back.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Cox, B., & Raper, R. (Langston, W.)  (1999, May).  Male territoriality when choosing pornographic videos.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Dempsey, L. A., & Hester, M. (Langston, W.)  (1999, May).  Does the MTSU First Year Experience Program improve students' transition to college?  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Dempsey, L. A., Hester, M., & Brown, D. (Langston, W.)  (1999, May).  Marijuana use and the generation effect.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Herrod, J., Frazier, S., & Webster, C. (Langston, W.)  (1999, May).  The effects of a musical mood induction on story continuation.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
McCallister, M., Anderson, C., Elkins, E., Williams, A., Kizer, V, & Starkey, A. (Langston, W.)  (1999, May).  The relationship between body decoration and personality.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Moseley, M., Cirotto, B., & Barrett, J. (Langston, W.)  (1999, May).  It's beer-thirty:  Do you know where your stool is?  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Norman, N., Crawford-Williams, M., Jones, M., & Carter, M. (Langston, W.)  (1999, May).  If a picture is worth 10,000 words, then a spatial metaphor ought to be worth about 5,000.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Murfreesboro, TN.
 
Addington, P., Holcombe, T., Nash, V., Nunley, S., & Todd, A. (Langston, W.)  (1998, May).  Gender, jealousy, trust, length of relationship, and the kitchen sink.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.
 
Bailey, L., Cather, K., & Short, R. (Langston, W.)  (1998, May).  The relationship between pet ownership and stress.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.
 
Blaylock, C., Edwards, T., & Holladay, S. (Langston, W.)  (1998, May).  The relationship between drinking behavior and academic performance in MTSU students.  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.
 
Cope, T., Kendall, E., Matheny, M., & Rosenboom, M. (Langston, W.)  (1998, May).  Is memory As Good As It Gets or does it sink like the Titanic?  (Memory and emotions in a real-world context).  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.
 
Williams, L., Donnell, D., Douglas, J., Jones, L., & O’Neal, D. (Langston, W.)  (1998, May).  My very eager mother just served us nine pizzas (The effect of mnemonic devices on memory).  Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Middle Tennessee Psychological Association Spring Meeting, Nashville, TN.

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Will Langston

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